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ERIC Number: ED010996
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RIGIDITY IN CHILDREN'S PROBLEM SOLVING.
CUNNINGHAM, JOHN D.
RESEARCH FINDINGS RELATED TO RIGIDITY IN CHILDREN'S PROBLEM-SOLVING ACTIVITIES ARE REVIEWED. EINSTELLUNG RIGIDITY WHICH AFFECTS CHILDREN'S PERFORMANCE IN PROBLEM SOLVING IS CAUSED BY THE MATERIALS AND THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS INVOLVED IN PROBLEM SITUATIONS. FUNCTIONAL FIXATION OCCURS WHEN CHILDREN ARE UNABLE TO USE OBJECTS FOR PROCESSES IN THE SOLUTION OF NEW PROBLEMS DUE TO THEIR PREVIOUS USE IN UNRELATED PROBLEMS. SUSCEPTIBILITY TO RIGIDITY AND ABILITY TO OVERCOME IT HAVE BEEN RELATED TO PERSONALITY TYPES, SITUATIONAL FACTORS, EFFECT OF PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE ON PERCEPTIONS, PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS, AGE, SEX, AND INTELLIGENCE. FLEXIBILITY IN PROBLEM SOLVING IS A TYPE OF LEARNED BEHAVIOR. STUDENTS EXPOSED TO A VARIETY OF PROBLEMS ARE ABLE TO MAKE A SMOOTHER TRANSITION TO NEW PROBLEMS THAN THOSE THAT HAVE BEEN DRILLED ON MANY SIMILAR PROBLEMS. PERMISSIVE TEACHING SITUATIONS AND SOCRATIC QUESTIONING MAY ALSO CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF FLEXIBILITY IN STUDENTS PROBLEM SOLVING BEHAVIORS. THIS ARTICLE IS PUBLISHED IN "SCHOOL SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS," VOLUME 66, NUMBER 4, WHOLE 582, APRIL 1966. (AG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Einstellung Effect; National Assn for Research in Science Teaching; Science Curriculum Improvement Study