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ERIC Number: ED010888
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
COUNSELING PRACTICES.
WATERLOO, GLENN E.
THE NEED FOR COUNSELING IS EMPHASIZED BY THE FACT THAT 875,000 CHILDREN IN THE UNITED STATES HAVE MENTAL AND PHYSICAL IMPEDIMENTS TO LEARNING. TYPICAL COUNSELING PRACTICES ARE PROBLEM-CENTERED COUNSELING, EXCLUSIVELY "VOCATIONAL" OR "EDUCATIONAL" COUNSELING WITH LITTLE CONCERN FOR THE WHOLE INDIVIDUAL, EXTREME DIRECTIVE OR NONDIRECTIVE COUNSELING, THE "CLINICAL" APPROACH WHICH ASSUMES THAT EVERYONE HAS A DEVIANT PROBLEM, ECLECTIC COUNSELING, INFORMATION GIVING, AND "THE PAL" WHO TRIES TO BE EVERYTHING TO THE CHILD. AN IMMEDIATE COUNSELING GOAL IS TO ENABLE THE CHILD TO EXPRESS HIMSELF. A LONG RANGE GOAL IS TO PROMOTE DEVELOPMENT. BACKGROUND INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT. A BASIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE INVOLVES "LISTENING" FOR NONVERBAL AS WELL AS VERBAL CLUES. THE COUNSELOR OCCASIONALLY MUST INTERVENE IN THE LIFE PROCESS OF THE CHILD TO INTERRUPT SELF-DECEIVING BEHAVIOR PATTERNS. THE COUNSELOR SHOULD SHOW ACCEPTANCE OF THE CHILD, AND MOVE FROM WITHIN THE CHILD'S FRAME OF REFERENCE. HE SHOULD ALSO RECOGNIZE THE LIMITS OF THE COUNSELING PROCESS AND MAKE REFERRALS WHEN NECESSARY. THE ULTIMATE TEST OF COUNSELING UPON WHICH EVALUATION CRITERIA SHOULD BE BASED IS WHETHER THE PERSON IS MOVING TOWARD SELF-RELIANCE AND ACCEPTANCE OF HIMSELF. THE AUTHOR FEELS THAT COUNSELORS RESIST CHANGE, AND SHOULD DEVELOP A COUNSELING THEORY, COUNSELING GOALS, AND EVALUATION PROCEDURES. THIS IS ONE OF THE REPORTS FROM THE ZION CONFERENCE AND THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DEMONSTRATION CENTERS INCLUDED IN "ELEMENTARY SCHOOL GUIDANCE IN ILLINOIS." (PS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois State Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, Springfield.
Identifiers: Illinois (Springfield)