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ERIC Number: ED010710
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Aug-25
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ORGANIZATIONAL GOALS--A SYSTEMS APPROACH.
OHM, ROBERT E.
CONTEMPORARY SYSTEMS THEORISTS HAVE PROVIDED A HELPFUL VIEW OF THE WAY GOAL-STRUCTURE MAY SHAPE ADMINISTRATIVE BEHAVIOR IN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS. THE "TRADITIONALIST" VIEW ASSIGNED ORGANIZATIONAL GOALS THE FUNCTIONS OF FORECASTING AND PLANNING. THE "EMERGING MODEL" VIEWED GOALS AS UNDEFINED ELEMENTS REQUIRING LITTLE SYSTEMATIC TREATMENT IN A THEORY OF ADMINISTRATION. MARCH AND SIMON, EXEMPLIFYING MODERN THINKING, CONSIDER GOALS AS BOTH OPERATIONAL, THOSE PERMITTING MEANS-END ANALYSIS, AND NONOPERATIONAL, THOSE REQUIRING SUBGOAL SPECIFICATION BEFORE MEANS-END ANALYSIS. THIS DISTINCTION PRESENTS DIFFERENCES IN THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS AND ILLUSTRATES THE EFFECT OF GOALS ON ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE. THE VIEW OF GOALS AS UNDEFINED "GIVENS" HAS CHANGED TO ONE OF GOALS AS INTRINSIC FUNCTIONS IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS. THIS PROJECT CONTINUES BY CLASSIFYING GOALS AND CONSTRAINTS SHAPING A DECISION AND EXPLORES AN IDENTIFIABLE FUNCTION IN THE SYSTEM. ALTHOUGH THE MODEL CONSTRUCTED NEEDS TESTING, "DIFFERENCES AMONG ORGANIZATIONS IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF GOALS (AS CLASSIFIED BY THE MODEL) WOULD BE PRESUMED TO BE RELATED TO DIFFERENCES IN STRUCTURE AND OUTPUT." ADMINISTRATORS MUST NOT VIEW GOALS AS "GIVENS" BUT AS THE CENTRAL ORDERING PROCESS OF A COMPLEX SYSTEM. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF PROFESSORS OF EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION (20TH, INDIANA UNIVERSITY, AUGUST 25, 1966). (GB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Conference of Professors of Educational Administration.
Identifiers: N/A