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ERIC Number: ED010619
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 203
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PERCEPTIONS BY ADOLESCENTS OF VARIOUS PROCEDURAL APPROACHES USED IN FILMED COUNSELING SESSIONS.
BOWN, OLIVER H.; AND OTHERS
SUBJECTS (398) IN THE NINTH AND 12TH GRADES, BOTH MALE AND FEMALE, WERE ASKED TO RATE INITIAL, FILMED COUNSELING SESSIONS AS IF THEY WERE THE COUNSELEE. FIVE DIFFERENT COUNSELING APPROACHES WERE USED IN THE FILMED SESSIONS--(1) ADVICE GIVING - THE COUNSELOR ADVISES THE CLIENT ON A PROGRAM OF ACTION, (2) QUESTIONING - THE COUNSELOR POSES A QUESTION TO THE CLIENT PRIOR TO EACH CLIENT RESPONSE, (3) REFLECTION OF FEELING - THE COUNSELOR RESPONDS WITH FEELING APPROPRIATE TO THE CONTENT OF CLIENT RESPONSES, (4) SUPPORTING - THE COUNSELOR ATTEMPTS TO CONVEY TO THE CLIENT THAT THE CLIENT HAS "WHAT IT TAKES" TO WORK A PROBLEM OUT, AND (5) INFORMATION GIVING - THE COUNSELOR PROVIDES INFORMATION OF A SPECIFIC RELEVANT NATURE TO THE CLIENT. AFTER COMPLETING THE "WESTCOTT PROBLEM SOLVING SCALE," THE SUBJECTS WERE DIVIDED INTO FOUR COGNITIVE GROUPS, BASED UPON THEIR SCORES ON THE INSTRUMENT'S TWO DIMENSIONS--(1) THE AMOUNT OF INFORMATION REQUIRED OR DEMANDED FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEMS AND (2) THE DEGREE OF SUCCESS IN SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEMS. THE GROUPS WERE THUS LOW DEMAND-HIGH SUCCESS, LOW DEMAND-LOW SUCCESS, HIGH DEMAND-HIGH SUCCESS, AND HIGH DEMAND-LOW SUCCESS. ANALYSIS OF DATA OBTAINED FROM COUNSELOR RATING AND COUNSELOR RANKING FORMS (COMPLETED BY ALL SUBJECTS AFTER VIEWING THE FILMED SESSIONS) YIELDED INFORMATION CONCERNING THE PREFERENCES AND REJECTIONS OF THE COUNSELING APPROACHES AMONG THE FOUR COGNITIVE GROUPS. ALL FOUR GROUPS TENDED TO PREFER THE ADVICE GIVING APPROACH AND TO REJECT THE REFLECTION OF FEELING APPROACH. BOTH HIGH DEMAND GROUPS ALSO PREFERRED THE SUPPORTING APPROACH. THE QUESTIONING APPROACH WAS REJECTED BY ALL THE MALES. ALL FEMALES EXCEPT THE HIGH DEMAND-LOW SUCCESS GROUP REJECTED THE INFORMATION GIVING APPROACH. YOUNGER SUBJECTS TENDED TO RATE BOTH THE ADVICE GIVING AND SUPPORTING APPROACHES HIGHER THAN OLDER SUBJECTS. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin.
Identifiers: TEXAS; Texas (Austin); WESTCOTT PROBLEM SOLVING SCALE