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ERIC Number: ED010586
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 90
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RULE GENERALITY AND CONSISTENCY IN MATHEMATICS LEARNING.
SCANDURA, JOSEPH M.
PSYCHOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES INVOLVED WITH RULE GENERALITY (DEGREE OF NONSPECIFICITY) AND PERFORMANCE CONSISTENCY IN MATHEMATICAL PRESENTATIONS WERE STUDIED. SPECIFICALLY, THE PURPOSES WERE (1) TO DETERMINE IF TEST BEHAVIOR CONFORMS TO THE SCOPE OF A VERBALLY ADMINISTERED TEST RULE, (2) TO EXPLORE THE INTERPRETABILITY OF VERBAL TEST RULES, AND (3) TO DETERMINE WHETHER "WITHIN SCOPE" USE OF A RULE IMPLIES "BEYOND SCOPE" USE WHEN NO INFORMATION IS GIVEN AS TO WHEN A RULE IS AND IS NOT APPROPRIATE. TWO EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED. IN EXPERIMENT 1, 85 COLLEGE STUDENTS PARTICIPATED IN A GAME OF NUMBERS, USING 1 OF 3 RULES (OF VARYING GENERALITY) FOR WINNING THE GAME. IN EXPERIMENT 2, THE VARIABLES WERE RULE GENERALITY (3 LEVELS) AND EXAMPLE (GIVEN-NOT GIVEN). THE MATERIALS, BASED ON ARITHMETIC SERIES, WERE PRESENTED TO 114 JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS. EACH STUDENT WAS TESTED ON THREE PROBLEMS (1) WITHIN THE SCOPE OF THREE SEPARATE RULES, (2) WITHIN THE SCOPE OF THE TWO MORE GENERAL RULES, AND (3) ONLY WITHIN THE SCOPE OF THE MOST GENERAL RULE. FINDINGS WERE THAT (1) EACH GROUP'S PERFORMANCE WAS AT ESSENTIALLY THE SAME LEVEL ON THE "WITHIN SCOPE" PROBLEMS, (2) THE RULE TAUGHT FOR ONE PROBLEM TENDED TO BE USED BY THE SUBJECTS ON SUCCEEDING PROBLEMS WHETHER APPROPRIATE OR NOT, AND (3) THE "MOST SPECIFIC" RULE WAS BETTER LEARNED THAN OTHERS. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS FOR TESTING AND THEORETICAL QUESTIONS WERE DISCUSSED. (RS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Florida State Univ., Tallahassee.
Identifiers: FLORIDA; Florida (Tallahassee)