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ERIC Number: ED010511
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TEACHER BEHAVIORS AND EFFECTIVENESS OF REINFORCEMENT.
BALDWIN, THELMA L.; JOHNSON, THOMAS J.
VARIATIONS IN THE PROPERTIES OF INSTRUCTIONAL REINFORCEMENT WERE STUDIED UNDER TWO ASPECTS OF TEACHER BEHAVIOR, PUNITIVENESS AND EXPERTISE, TO IDENTIFY TECHNIQUES FOR AFFECTING OPERANT RESPONSE RATE IN A VERBAL CONDITIONING SITUATION. PUNITIVENESS AND EXPERTISE WERE MANIPULATED BY USING PREARRANGED TAPE RECORDINGS OF A SIMULATED SOCIAL STUDIES CLASS. THESE RECORDINGS WERE PRESENTED TO 160 HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN GROUPS OF FIVE. TWO STUDENTS FROM EACH GROUP (MALE) THEN PARTICIPATED IN INDIVIDUAL INTERVIEWS WITH THE TEACHER WHOSE CLASS THEY HAD HEARD. SOCIAL REINFORCEMENT WAS VARIED DURING THE INTERVIEWS. POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT WAS USED IN 75 PERCENT OF THE INTERVIEWS WHERE THE TEACHER SMILED AND NODDED HIS HEAD WHEN STUDENTS MADE CERTAIN RESPONSES. IN THE REMAINING INTERVIEWS, THE TEACHER REMAINED NEUTRAL TO ALL STUDENT RESPONSES. QUESTIONNAIRES WERE ADMINISTERED AFTER BOTH THE SIMULATED CLASSROOM SESSIONS AND INTERVIEWS TO ELICIT SPECIFIED STUDENT REACTIONS. THE MAJOR FINDINGS INDICATED THAT NONPUNITIVE TEACHERS ELICITED A HIGHER OPERANT RATE UNDER THE REINFORCEMENT CONDITION AND THAT PUNITIVE TEACHERS ELICITED A HIGHER OPERANT RATE UNDER THE NEUTRAL CONDITION. EXPERTISE PRODUCED NO SIGNIFICANT EFFECTS ON THE OPERANT RATE. THE OPERANT RESPONSE RATE WAS SIMPLY THE NUMBER OF FIRST PERSON PRONOUNS EMITTED BY THE INDIVIDUAL STUDENTS DURING THEIR INTERVIEWS. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Learning and Re-Education.
Identifiers: MADISON; WISCONSIN