NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED010388
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 171
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
IDENTIFICATION OF ORIENTATION AND MOBILITY SKILLS RELATING TO DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS FOR YOUNG BLIND CHILDREN.
LORD, F.E.; AND OTHERS
MEASUREMENT SCALES WERE DEVELOPED FOR USE IN DESCRIBING AND EVALUATING SKILLS WHICH BLIND CHILDREN DEVELOP FOR EXPLORING AND COMPREHENDING THEIR ENVIRONMENT, AND ATTAINING REASONABLE SELF-DEPENDENCE. STUDY FEASIBILITY EXCLUDED SOME OF THE BASIC LIVING SKILLS, LEAVING ONLY THOSE RELATED TO THE BLIND CHILD'S ORIENTATION AND MOBILITY. THE ITEMS USED IN DRAFTING THE SCALES CAME FROM SEVERAL SOURCES, INCLUDING RESEARCH STUDIES, TEACHERS OF THE BLIND, SPECIAL CONSULTANTS, AND EXISTING TESTS AND SCALES. A LIST OF 288 PERTINENT ITEMS WAS COLLECTED. EACH OF THE ITEMS, ORGANIZED INTO 58 SUBSCALES, WAS JUDGED ON THE BASES OF (1) SIGNIFICANCE, (2) FEASIBILITY OF OBSERVATION, AND (3) RANK IN DEVELOPMENTAL SEQUENCE. SUBSCALES WERE ALSO EVALUATED AS WHOLE ENTITIES. OF ALL SUBSCALES ASSESSED, 42 WERE DEEMED SUITABLE FOR FIELD TRIAL. TWELVE TOTALLY BLIND CHILDREN, REPRESENTING AGES FROM 2 TO 12 YEARS, WERE TESTED DURING THE FIELD TRIAL. THIRTY-FIVE PROMISING SUBSCALES WERE IDENTIFIED, PERTINENT TO SUCH SKILLS AS (1) AUDITORY PERCEPTION AND DISCRIMINATION, (2) WALKING, RUNNING, AND JUMPING, (3) TOUCH RECOGNITION, (4) TRAVEL MOVEMENT AND MOVEMENT REALIZATION, (5) RIGHT AND LEFT RECOGNITION, (6) DIRECTION TAKING, (7) BALANCE, AND (8) FAMILIARIZATION. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California State Coll., Los Angeles.
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Los Angeles)