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ERIC Number: ED010381
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Nov
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EFFECTS OF AGE, SOCIAL STATUS, SEX, AND RACE UPON THE UNDERSTANDING OF WORD MEANINGS INDEPENDENT OF SENTENCE CONTEXT.
CROCKETT, WALTER H.
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES WHICH AFFECT THE ABILITY TO ACQUIRE WORD UNDERSTANDING WERE INVESTIGATED. GROUPS OF EIGHT CHILDREN WERE ADMINISTERED THE "WORD CONTEXT TEST." TWELVE DIFFERENT GROUPS WERE FORMED BY VARYING GRADE LEVEL (THIRD VERSUS SIXTH), SEX, AND SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS (WHITE MIDDLE CLASS, NEGRO LOWER STATUS, AND WHITE LOWER STATUS). MIDDLE-CLASS CHILDREN SHOWED A SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER LEVEL OF VERBAL OUTPUT THAN THEIR LOW-STATUS COUNTERPARTS. THIS WAS CONSISTENT WITH THE DIFFERENCES EMPHASIS PLACED ON VERBALIZATION BY DIFFERENT SOCIAL STRATA. IN THE ADEQUACY OF THE SOLUTIONS THAT WERE OFFERED AND THE LEVEL OF COGNITIVE PROCESSES USED, SIXTH GRADERS PERFORMED AT A CONSISTENTLY HIGHER LEVEL THAN THIRD GRADERS. CONTRARY TO HYPOTHESIS, THERE WERE NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN GROUPS FROM DIFFERENT SOCIAL STRATA ON ANY OF THE MEASURES THAT WERE SCORED. THERE WAS A CONSISTENT SEX DIFFERENCE IN THE USE OF WORD-SENTENCE FUSION AS A SIGNIFICATION PROCESS, WITH GIRLS SHOWING CONSISTENTLY MORE SUCH RESPONSES THAN BOYS. (GC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Clark Univ., Worcester, MA.
Identifiers: MASSACHUSETTS; Massachusetts (Worcester); WORD CONTEXT TEST