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ERIC Number: ED010295
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Jun
Pages: 47
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
MOTIVES INFLUENCING NEEDS TO ACHIEVE IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION.
HELTZEL, FRANCES B.
THIS RESEARCH SOUGHT TO MEASURE M TIVATION UNDERLYING ACHIEVEMENT-ORIENTED BEHAVIOR AT THE SECONDARY LEVEL, SPECIFICALLY OF STUDENTS IN VOCATIONAL PROGRAMS. PARALLEL INSTRUMENTS OF 42 ITEMS WERE CONSTRUCTED TO MEASURE MOTIVE FOR STRIVING, BASED ON MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEED FOR SECURITY, BELONGINGNESS, ESTEEM, AND SELF-ACTUALIZATION. STRENGTH OF EACH MOTIVE WAS MEASURED ACCORDING TO KRATHWOHL'S TAXONOMIC LEVELS OF RESPONDING, VALUING, ORGANIZING VALUES, AND CHARACTERIZING BY A VALUE. PRETESTING SHOWED THAT ADMINISTERING A TEST OF 42 ITEMS WAS IMPRACTICAL. A 20-ITEM TEST RESULTED FROM ELIMINATION OF THE MASLOW CATEGORIES FROM THE LOWER LEVELS OF KRATHWOHL'S SCALE. EXPERIMENTATION WAS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE A VALIDATION OF THE INSTRUMENT BY CREATING DIFFERENT MOTIVATION LEVELS THROUGH MANIPULATING SUCH SPECIFIC VARIABLES AS (1) PERFORMANCE SCORE, (2) SELF-CONCEPT, AND (3) TASK RELEVANCE. MOTOR AND COGNITIVE TASK SITUATIONS, INVOLVING DIFFERENT LEVELS OF THESE VARIABLES, WERE DEVISED AS THE SETTING FOR MOTIVATION AROUSAL. RESULTS OF THE PRETESTING OF THE AROUSAL INSTRUMENT AND THE EXPERIMENT WERE LISTED. (GC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Ithaca. Coll. of Home Economics at Cornell Univ.
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (Ithaca)