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ERIC Number: ED010243
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ANALYSIS OF WORD FREQUENCIES IN SPOKEN LANGUAGE OF CHILDREN.
BEIER, ERNST G.; AND OTHERS
AN ATTEMPT WAS MADE TO ESTABLISH CERTAIN BASE RATES IN LANGUAGE USAGE OF CHILDREN AND TO INVESTIGATE THEIR PSYCHOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE. SPECIFICALLY THE STUDY WAS AIMED AT DISCOVERING WHETHER THE FINDINGS OF G.K. ZIPF (1965) HELD FOR SPOKEN LANGUAGE OF CHILDREN AND WHETHER AGE DIFFERENCES INFLUENCED THE RELATIONSHIP OF VARIETY AND FREQUENCY OF WORD OCCURRENCES. ZIPF STATED THAT A RELATIONSHIP EXISTS BETWEEN HIGH FREQUENCY, SMALL VARIETY, AND SHORTNESS OF WORDS, A RELATIONSHIP PRESUMABLY VALID FOR LANGUAGE IN GENERAL. IN THIS STUDY 12- AND 16-YEAR-OLD BOYS (N 15 FOR EACH AGE GROUP) OF AVERAGE INTELLIGENCE WERE GIVEN A TAPE RECORDER TO OBTAIN THEIR VERBAL OUTPUT. FORTY THOUSAND WORDS OF EACH OF THE GROUPS WERE ANALYZED WITH THE STARKWEATHER PROGRAM ON AN IBM 7094 COMPUTER. THE RESULTS WERE PRESENTED IN TERMS OF LISTS OF WORDS USED, RATIOS OF THE NUMBER OF DIFFERENT WORDS SPOKEN TO THE NUMBER OF TOTAL WORDS, AND THE RATIO OF VARIETY TO FREQUENCY OF OCCURRENCE. (JC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Utah Univ., Salt Lake City.
Identifiers: Utah (Salt Lake City)