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ERIC Number: ED010220
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 47
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOME PROBLEMS OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE.
HILLS, JEAN
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION WAS MADE WITHIN A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK INVOLVING SOCIAL SYSTEM TERMS. ATTENTION WAS FOCUSED ON DIFFERENCES AMONG ORGANIZATIONS IN TERMS OF FUNCTIONS PERFORMED FOR SOCIETY. FOUR MAJOR COMPONENTS OF ACTION SYSTEMS USED TO COMPARE SEVERAL ORGANIZATIONS WERE IDENTIFIED AS FOLLOWS--(1) THE ORIENTATION BASE OF THE SYSTEM, THE NEEDS, OR INTERESTS, OR VALUES OF ACTORS THAT ARE AT STAKE IN THE PROCESS, (2) THE PROPERTIES OF OBJECTS IN THE SITUATION OF ACTION THAT ARE IMPORTANT TO ACTORS IN THE LIGHT OF THESE INTERESTS, (3) THE NORMATIVE RULES DISCRIMINATING BETWEEN LEGITIMATE AND ILLEGITIMATE MODES OF ACTION IN PURSUIT OF A PARTICULAR INTEREST IN QUESTION, AND (4) THE GENERALIZED FACILITIES THAT ACTORS ARE EXPECTED TO RESORT TO IN SECURING CONTROL OF OBJECTS ESSENTIAL TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THAT INTEREST IN QUESTION. THE PLACEMENT OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS WITHIN THE COMPARATIVE ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK LED TO THE POSITION THAT THE PRIMARY EMPHASIS OF THE EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION IS IN THE AREA OF PATTERN-MAINTENANCE OR SOCIALIZATION. IT WAS SUGGESTED THAT THE PRIMARY CONTRIBUTION OF EDUCATION TO SOCIETAL FUNCTIONING IS THUS IN THE MAINTENANCE OF THE VALUE PATTERNS WHICH DEFINE THE STRUCTURE OF A SOCIETY, AND THAT SCHOOLS ARE CRITICIZED PRIMARILY FOR DEVIATIONS FROM INSTITUTIONAL VALUES RATHER THAN FOR PRODUCING A COMMODITY OF LOW TECHNICAL QUALITY. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene.
Identifiers: Oregon (Eugene)