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ERIC Number: ED010174
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 92
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EFFECTS OF GENERALIZING IN LEARNING.
BILODEAU, INA M.
A SYSTEMATIC STUDY OF GENERALIZATION AS A MAJOR MECHANISM OF TRANSFER OF TRAINING WAS CONDUCTED. A NUMBER OF SPECIFIC HYPOTHESES WERE TESTED TO MEASURE THE FORM OF GRADIENTS OF GENERALIZATION IN TRANSFER OF TRAINING, EXTINCTION, AND RELEARNING TESTS. THE SUBJECTS CONSISTED OF 480 MALE COLLEGE STUDENTS WHO WERE TOLD TO RESPOND TO THE SECOND OF A PAIR OF STIMULI. TRAINING AND RELEARNING CONSISTED OF REPEATED PRESENTATIONS OF THE STIMULI. EXTINCTION AND TRANSFER OF TRAINING TESTS USED A COMMON, CENTRAL VALUE FOR THE GENERALIZED STIMULUS IN ALL GROUPS. SUBJECTS RETURNED TO THE ORIGINAL STIMULUS VALUE USED IN TRAINING. FOUR EXPERIMENTS WERE INCLUDED IN THE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN. EXPERIMENTS ONE AND TWO USED TRANSFER OF TRAINING PROCEDURES AND A SIMPLE, SINGLE VARIABLE DESIGN WITH AN OUTSIDE CONTROL GROUP. EXPERIMENT THREE USED AN EXTINCTION TEST OF GENERALIZATION. EXPERIMENT FOUR USED THE SUBJECTS OF EXPERIMENT THREE IN A RELEARNING TEST OF GENERALIZATION OF EXTINCTION EFFECTS. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE, TREND TESTS, AND NONPARAMETRIC TESTS WERE EMPLOYED IN ANALYSES. RESULTS INDICATED COMPLETE TRANSFER OF BOTH POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF EXPERIENCE WITH A DIFFERENT STIMULUS VALUE. CONCLUSIONS SUGGESTED UNDER SOME CONDITIONS THE STIMULUS VALUES USED IN TRAINING WERE IRRELEVANT TO LATER PERFORMANCE UNDER CHANGED CIRCUMSTANCES. TRANSFER OF CORRECT TRAINING RESPONSES TO CHANGED CIRCUMSTANCES COULD BE COMPLETE. FURTHER RESEARCH WAS INDICATED TO USE THE MODIFICATION OF VOLUNTARY CONDITIONING PROCEDURES AS A TECHNIQUE IN HUMAN LEARNING. (RS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA.
Identifiers: Louisiana (New Orleans)