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ERIC Number: ED010093
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Mar
Pages: 377
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE NATURE OF ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS AND SOME CONDITIONS IN THE CLASSROOM WHICH FACILITATE OR RETARD THESE COGNITIVE PROCESSES, PART II, ANALYSIS, SYNTHESIS, AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE.
NORRELL, GWENDOLYN; ROKEACH, MILTON
THIS STUDY WAS CONCERNED WITH THE NATURE AND RELATIONSHIPS AMONG THE COGNITIVE FACTORS, ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS, AND THEIR PERSONALITY AND ACADEMIC CORRELATES. ENTERING FRESHMEN AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN WERE TESTED WITH A BATTERY OF NINE TESTS TO OBTAIN THE DATA REQUIRED FOR ANALYSIS. SUSPECTED CONTAMINATION OF THE TEST RESULTS DUE TO COMMUNICATION AMONG SUBJECTS AND THE ORDER OF TESTING WAS INDICATED IN A TEST FOR THE INDEPENDENCE OF OBSERVATIONS. ALTERNATE PROCEDURES INVOLVING FACTOR ANALYSIS WERE THEN EMPLOYED WITH A LITERATURE REVIEW TO FIND DATA SUPPORTING THE HYPOTHESIS AND SUBHYPOTHESES STUDIED. NO EVIDENCE WAS FOUND WHICH INDICATED THAT ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS WERE DISCRIMINABLE FACTORS. NEITHER WAS THERE ANY EVIDENCE THAT THESE FACTORS WERE NOT DISCRIMINABLE. EMERGING FROM THE STUDY ARE SUGGESTED PROCEDURES FOR ASSESSING WHETHER TEST RESULTS HAVE BEEN CONTAMINATED BY COMMUNICATION AMONG SUBJECTS OR THE ORDER OF TESTING. IT WAS SUGGESTED THAT ALL STUDIES IN WHICH INDIVIDUAL SUBJECTS ARE TESTED SUCCESSIVELY SHOULD ROUTINELY USE THE TECHNIQUE WHICH REQUIRES CALCULATION OF A CORRELATION COEFFICIENT BETWEEN ORDER-OF-TESTING AND THE SCORES OBTAINED. THE REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND FACTOR ANALYSES SUPPORTED THE CONCLUSION THAT THE PERSONALITY VARIABLES, DOGMATISM AND RIGIDITY, ARE SYSTEMATICALLY BUT DIFFERENTIALLY RELATED TO MEASURES OF CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS. THERE WAS NO EVIDENCE INDICATING THAT CORRELATIONS BETWEEN ACADEMIC SUCCESS AND ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS WERE DIFFERENTIAL. (WN)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.
Identifiers: MICHIGAN; Michigan (East Lansing); Perceptual Synthesis Test (Rokeach and Norrell)