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ERIC Number: ED010092
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 180
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EFFECTS OF CLASS AND RACIAL BIAS ON TEACHER EVALUATION OF PUPILS.
ROTTER, GEORGE S.
THE PARTICULAR FOCUS OF THIS STUDY WAS UPON THE EXTENT TO WHICH VALUES AND ATTITUDES OF TEACHERS INFLUENCE THEIR EVALUATION AND RATINGS OF STUDENTS OF VARYING CLASSES AND ETHNIC ORIGINS. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT TEACHERS WITH MIDDLE-CLASS BACKGROUNDS AND BIASES TEND TO EVALUATE MORE NEGATIVELY THOSE PUPILS IDENTIFIED AS BEING OF A LOW SOCIOECONOMIC CLASS OR AS NEGRO THAN THOSE IN THE MIDDLE CLASS OR WHITE RACE. INCLUDED IN THESE CONSIDERATIONS WERE TEACHER ATTITUDES ON NEUROSIS AND BEHAVIOR, ACHIEVEMENT, AND NURTURANCE. APPROXIMATELY 130 WHITE FEMALE TEACHERS WERE RECRUITED FOR THE STUDY SAMPLE. EACH TEACHER PARTICIPATED BY READING A PREPARED VIGNETTE, COMPLETING 80 ITEMS RELATING TO PUPIL EVALUATION, ANSWERING A SELF-DESCRIPTION SCALE, AND FILLING OUT A PERSONAL DATA SHEET (BUT REMAINING ANONYMOUS). STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF DATA SHOWED THAT THE STATED HYPOTHESIS DID NOT RECEIVE CONFIRMATION IN THIS EXPERIMENT. FOR THE MOST PART, DIFFERENCES ON THE TEST ITEMS WERE NIL. WHEN THEY DID OCCUR, HOWEVER, THE RESPONSES FAVORED PUPILS IDENTIFIED AS NEGRO AND/OR LOW CLASS. NO OVERALL TREND COULD BE DISCERNED, WITH ONE EXCEPTION--NEGROES WERE RATED SUPERIOR TO WHITES IN CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR. THE ALMOST TOTAL LACK OF SIGNIFICANCE FOR RACE AND SEX AND THE VERY STRONG EFFECT OF SCHOOL BEHAVIOR SEEMED TO INDICATE VERY STRONG TEACHER IMPRESSIONS OF THE BEHAVIORAL ACTIONS OF STUDENTS. IN ADDITION, THE TENDENCY WAS TO RATE NEGRO/LOW-CLASS PUPILS MORE SUCCESSFUL OR ADJUSTED SOCIALLY THAN WHITE/MIDDLE-CLASS PUPILS BUT, AT THE SAME TIME, EVALUATE THEM LESS ADJUSTED PSYCHOLOGICALLY. NOTHING IN THIS STUDY, THEREFORE, SUPPORTED THE COMMON NOTION THAT CLASS AND RACIAL BIASES AFFECT TEACHER RATINGS AND EVALUATIONS. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Long Island Univ., Brooklyn, NY. Brooklyn Center, Zeckendorf Campus.
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (Brooklyn)