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ERIC Number: ED010089
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-May-31
Pages: 88
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INFLUENCES ON STUDENTS' UNDERSTANDING OF SCIENCE.
ABEGG, GERALD L.; CRUMB, GLENN H.
IT WAS THE PURPOSE OF THIS RESEARCH TO ASSESS THE CONTRIBUTION OF CERTAIN SCIENCE COURSES AND OTHER FACTORS THAT MAY INFLUENCE STUDENTS' UNDERSTANDING OF SCIENTISTS, THE AIMS AND METHODS OF SCIENCE AND THE SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE. THE SAMPLE CONSISTED OF 1,275 PHYSICS STUDENTS AND 1,009 CHEMISTRY STUDENTS FROM HIGH SCHOOLS IN IOWA, KANSAS, NEBRASKA, AND MISSOURI. TESTS USED FOR DATA WERE THE TEST ON UNDERSTANDING SCIENCE (TOURS), IOWA TEST OF EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT-SCIENCE TEST, AND OTIS QUICK SCORING MENTAL ABILITIES TEST. CLASSES WERE VISITED AND OBSERVATIONS WERE MADE OF TEACHERS METHODS, MATERIALS USED, AND OTHER FACTORS WHICH SEEMED TO BE FACTORS OF DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE CLASSES. THE ANALYSIS OF DATA BY USE OF A COMPUTER SHOWED THAT GAIN IN UNDERSTANDING SCIENCE DEPENDS UPON THE TEACHER REGARDLESS OF MATERIALS USED. ALSO, THE LOW MEAN GAIN CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES USED (A) TEACHER DEMONSTRATION-DISCUSSION, (B) TEACHER PROBLEM SOLUTION, (C) STUDENT READING ASSIGNMENT AND PROBLEM TRIAL, (D) STUDENT RECITATION, (E) THE SAME CYCLE WITH NEW MATERIAL, AND (F) LABORATORY EXPERIMENTATION OVER MATERIALS STUDIED IN (A)-(E). THE MEAN GAIN CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES USED (A) INTRODUCTION TO LABORATORY, (B) LABORATORY, (C) POSTLABORATORY DISCUSSION, (D) PROBLEM SOLUTION BY CLASS, (E) STUDENT READING AND PROBLEM SOLUTION ASSIGNMENT, (F) TEACHER-CLASS PROBLEM SOLUTION, AND (G) LABORATORY INTRODUCTION ON NEW MATERIAL. (GC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kansas State Teachers Coll., Emporia.
Identifiers: IOWA; Iowa Tests of Educational Development; Kansas (Emporia); MISSOURI; NEBRASKA; Otis Quick Scoring Mental Ability Tests; Test on Understanding Science