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ERIC Number: ED010081
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 227
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY IN THE USE OF PROGRAMED MATERIALS FOR SEVENTH-GRADE OPEN-ENDED LABORATORY EXPERIENCES.
CARNES, PHYLLIS E.
A NONPROGRAMED METHOD FOR TEACHING SEVENTH-GRADE GENERAL SCIENCE WAS STUDIED, USING A PROBLEM-SOLVING APPROACH THROUGH SELECTED, OPEN-ENDED, LABORATORY EXPERIENCES. PARTICULAR REFERENCE WAS GIVEN TO ANY STUDENT CHANGES IN (1) FACTUAL GAINS, (2) SUBJECT-MATTER COMPETENCY, (3) COMPREHENSION OF SCIENTIFIC CONCEPTS, PRINCIPLES, AND GENERALIZATIONS, AND (4) SCIENTIFIC INTERESTS. THE STUDENT SAMPLE WAS ASSIGNED TO FOUR ACADEMIC TEAMS OF FOUR TEACHERS EACH IN THE RESPECTIVE AREAS OF ENGLISH, MATHEMATICS, HISTORY, AND SCIENCE. THIS TEAM-STUDENT POPULATION WAS DIVIDED INTO 4 SECTIONS, WITH EACH SECTION HAVING APPROXIMATELY 30 STUDENTS, THUS PROVIDING 2 EXPERIMENTAL AND 2 CONTROL STUDY GROUPS. THE PROGRAM DEVELOPED FOR THE STUDY CONTAINED IN ITS FINAL VERSION 6 LESSONS OF AN INTERDISCIPLINARY NATURE TOTALING 590 LINEAR FRAMES. DATA WERE OBTAINED FROM THE FOLLOWING SOURCES (1) ACADEMIC AND GUIDANCE RECORDS, (2) RESULTS FROM A GENERAL INTEREST SURVEY AND UNIT PRE-AND POST-TESTS, (3) RESULTS FROM AN EVALUATIVE QUESTIONNAIRE, AND (4) RECORDS OF NUMBER OF FRAMES MISSED IN EACH PROGRAMED LESSON. THE OPEN-ENDED, PROBLEM-SOLVING ASPECT OF THE PROGRAM WAS USED WITH BOTH EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS. ONLY THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS, HOWEVER, RECEIVED PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION. IN THE END THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE CONTROL GROUPS, AS MEASURED BY THE FACTUAL, CONCEPTUAL, AND TOTAL POST-TEST SCORES, WAS SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER THAN THAT OF THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS. THUS, THE NONPROGRAMED METHOD APPEARED THE BETTER FOR INSTRUCTIONAL PURPOSES. A NUMBER OF OTHER AREAS WERE SUGGESTED FOR ADDITIONAL RESEARCH IN THE FIELDS OF GENERAL SCIENCE AND PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION BASED UPON THE RESULTS. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Georgia Univ., Athens.
Identifiers: ATHENS