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ERIC Number: ED010063
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 62
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CONCEPT FORMATION IN CHILDREN WITH DOWN'S SYNDROME-MONGOLISM.
O'HARE, SISTER G.
A SPECIAL TRAINING PROGRAM IN SIZE DISCRIMINATION WAS STUDIED AS A MEANS FOR TEACHING REGULAR TRISOMIC MONGOLOIDS. BASED UPON THE SUCCESS OF THIS PROGRAM, A FURTHER ASSESSMENT WAS MADE AS TO ACQUIRED SIZE DISCRIMINATION ABILITY OF SUCH PERSONS WHEN TRANSFERRED TO OTHER LEARNING TASKS WITH PICTORIAL MATERIALS AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECTS. THE SUBJECTS WERE 60 NON-INSTITUTIONALIZED MONGOLOID CHILDREN (CONFIRMED BY CHROMOSOMAL ANALYSIS) WITH A MEAN AGE OF 6 YEARS AND AVERAGE I.Q. OF 38. A "SIZE CONCEPT TEST" AND SIZE DISCRIMINATION TRAINING TASKS WERE DEVELOPED AND USED WITH THESE CHILDREN. PICTURES, GEOMETRIC FORMS, AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECTS WERE USED FOR THE TEST WHERE SUBJECTS SELECTED THE "BIGGEST" STIMULUS OUT OF THREE CHOICES FOR EACH TEST ITEM IN RESPONSE TO VERBAL DIRECTION. ONE CANDY WAS THE REWARD FOR EACH CORRECT ("BIGGEST") RESPONSE. THE TRAINING PROGRAM CONSISTED ENTIRELY OF PICTORIAL MAT'LS ARRANGED ON CARDS WHERE THE SUBJECTS AGAIN SELECTED THE "BIGGEST" OBJECTS AND WERE REWARDED FOR CORRECT RESPONSES, ACCORDINGLY. ALL TESTING AND TRAINING WERE CONDUCTED INDIVIDUALLY BY INVESTIGATOR IN FACE-TO-FACE SITUATIONS. EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS WHO RECEIVED TRAINING WERE COMPARED TO A COMPARABLE CONTROL GROUP. BOTH GROUPS WERE GIVEN PRE- AND POST-TESTS AS DESCRIBED ABOVE (THE LATTER RECEIVED NO TRAINING). SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER GAINS WERE MADE BY THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP, AND THIS SUCCESS DID NOT APPEAR TO BE RELATED TO MATURATION OR INTELLECTUAL LEVEL. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Fordham Univ., Bronx, NY.
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (Bronx)