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ERIC Number: ED010055
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 172
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECTS OF AGE AND TRAINING ON CHILDREN'S ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND CERTAIN BASIC CONCEPTS.
MILLER, PAULA E.
THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO FIND OUT WHETHER CHILDREN CAN BE TAUGHT TO UNDERSTAND A GIVEN LOGICAL CONCEPT, NAMELY CLASS INCLUSION, WHEN THEY ARE AT A DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE WHERE TYPICALLY THEY HAVE DEMONSTRATED AN INABILITY TO DO SO. THE SAMPLE CONSISTED OF 90 KINDERGARTEN AND 90 SECOND-GRADE CHILDREN WHO WERE SELECTED BECAUSE THEY WERE (1) ABLE TO SORT OBJECTS INTO GROUPS ON THE BASIS OF ATTRIBUTE SIMILARITY, AND (2) UNABLE TO SOLVE THE CLASS INCLUSION PROBLEM. THREE INSTRUCTIONAL EXPERIENCES WERE PROVIDED ON AN INDIVIDUAL BASIS TO 30 DIFFERENT CHILDREN AT EACH GRADE LEVEL. THEY WERE COMPOSED OF (1) INITIAL PRETESTING, FOLLOWED BY INSTRUCTION IN CLASSIFICATION ACTIVITIES RELATED TO CLASS INCLUSION LOGIC, DIRECT TRAINING IN THAT LOGIC, AND FINAL POST-TESTING, AND (2) INITIAL PRETESTING, FOLLOWED BY AN INTERVAL OF TIME IN WHICH NO INSTRUCTIONS WERE GIVEN, AND FINAL POST-TESTING. THE INCREASE IN THE AVERAGE NUMBER OF LOGICAL GROUPINGS FOR EACH OF TWO OBJECT COLLECTIONS AND THE NUMBER OF CHILDREN WHO INCREASED IN THEIR ABILITY TO GROUP AND REGROUP THE COLLECTIONS SHOWED THE INSTRUCTIONAL EXPERIENCES TO HAVE BEEN HIGHLY BENEFICIAL. (GC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY.
Identifiers: New York (New York)