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ERIC Number: ED010049
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 177
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF TWO APPROACHES TO THE TEACHING OF READING IN THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE.
MODIANO, NANCY
THIS STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO EVALUATE TWO APPROACHES FOR TRAINING STUDENTS WITH A PREVIOUSLY ACQUIRED FOREIGN LANGUAGE ABILITY. THE TWO APPROACHES STUDIED WERE MONOLINGUAL AND BILINGUAL. THE HYPOTHESIS OF THE MONOLINGUAL APPROACH SUGGESTS THAT IT IS MORE EFFICIENT TO TEACH IN THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE. THE BILINGUAL HYPOTHESIS SUGGESTS IT IS MORE EFFICIENT TO TEACH STUDENTS USING A PREVIOUSLY ACQUIRED LANGUAGE. THESE HYPOTHESES WERE TESTED ON AN INDIAN POPULATION IN THE CHIAPAS MOUNTAINS OF SOUTHWESTERN MEXICO. OPPORTUNITIES ARE AFFORDED TO OBSERVE AND STUDY THE MONOLINGUAL APPROACH IN LOCAL FEDERAL AND STATE SCHOOLS WHICH TEACH IN SPANISH AND THE NATIONAL INDIAN INSTITUTE SCHOOLS WHICH TEACH IN TRIBAL LANGUAGES TZOTZIL AND TZELTAL PRIOR TO TEACHING IN SPANISH. INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS, CONTENT, AND TESTS VALIDATED FOR THE GROUPS STUDIED WERE PREPARED, PRESENTED, AND EVALUATED. IT WAS FOUND THAT STUDENTS TAUGHT WITH THE BILINGUAL APPROACH SCORED SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER ON THE SPANISH READING COMPREHENSION TEST. FURTHERMORE THE PERCENTAGE OF PUPILS DESIGNATED AS LITERATE IN SPANISH BY THEIR TEACHERS WAS SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER FOR THE BILINGUAL STUDIES. THE HIGHER PERCENTAGE OF LITERACY AND THE HIGHER LEVELS OF READING COMPREHENSION POINT TO THE EFFICIENCY OF THE BILINGUAL APPROACH. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT THE FINDINGS SUPPORT THE THEORY THAT MEANING IS ESSENTIAL TO READING COMPREHENSION. THE FINDINGS WERE CONCLUDED TO BE SPECIFICALLY RELEVANT FOR THE GROUPS STUDIED WITH POSSIBLE APPLICATION FOR THE BILINGUAL APPROACH IN OTHER LANGUAGE ENVIRONMENTS. CAUSAL FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE STUDY RESULTS ARE DISCUSSED WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH. (WN)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. School of Education.
Identifiers: MEXICO; Mexico (Chiapas)