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ERIC Number: ED010040
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 340
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE THEORY OF EXPECTATION APPLIED TO MUSICAL LISTENING.
COLWELL, RICHARD
THE PROJECT PURPOSES WERE TO IDENTIFY THE ELEMENTS IN MUSIC USED BY EXPERT LISTENERS IN DETERMINING THE ARTISTIC VALUE OF MUSIC, TO DISCOVER WHAT MUSICAL SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGES ARE NECESSARY FOR THE LISTENER TO RECOGNIZE THESE ELEMENTS, AND TO USE THESE FINDINGS IN A COMPARISON WITH A SPECIFIC AESTHETIC THEORY. ATTEMPTS WERE MADE TO DETERMINE WHETHER THESE VALUE ELEMENTS ARE TEACHABLE, IF SO, THE AGE LEVELS AT WHICH THEY ARE TEACHABLE, THE CREATION OF MEASUREMENTS TO EVALUATE RECOGNITION OF THESE ELEMENTS, AND THE SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGES USED. THE TWO PROBLEMS STUDIED WERE (1) THE SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGES A STUDENT WOULD NEED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE MUSICAL EXPERIENCE AS DESCRIBED BY MEYER'S THEORY OF EXPECTATION AND (2) WHETHER THESE PROBLEMS COULD BE TAUGHT WITHIN A 2-YEAR PERIOD TO FIFTH-GRADE CHILDREN. THE TOTAL LIST OF SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGES (APPROPRIATE FOR MUSICAL LISTENING AND GATHERED FROM THE MUSICAL EXPERTS) WAS OBVIOUSLY MUCH TOO EXTENSIVE AND DIFFICULT TO UTILIZE IN A ONE-YEAR GRADE SCHOOL COURSE. TWENTY-SEVEN FIFTH-GRADE CLASSES WERE USED IN INTERPRETING THE RESULTS OF THE STUDY AND DRAWING CONCLUSIONS FROM THEM. APPROXIMATELY 10 PERCENT OF THE TESTS GIVEN THESE CLASSES WERE HIGHLY COMMENDABLE, WITH CADENCES, PHASES, MELODIES, CONTRASTING PARTS, TIMBRE, AND CLIMAXES ALL CORRECTLY IDENTIFIED AND MARKED. TWO VIEWPOINTS RESULTED FROM THE STUDY--(1) DESIRABILITY OF AN EARLY START IN INTENSIVE MUSICAL LEARNING AND (2) THE IMPRACTICABILITY OF TEACHING ADEQUATE MUSICAL SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGES WITHIN THE EXISTING ELEMENTARY MUSIC FRAMEWORK BECAUSE OF LIMITED TIME ALLOWED. (GC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana.
Identifiers: Illinois (Urbana)