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ERIC Number: ED010028
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DETERMINANTS OF EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES IN LARGE CITIES OF THE UNITED STATES.
JAMES, H. THOMAS; AND OTHERS
THIS REPORT IS A STUDY OF THE PROCESSES BY WHICH MONEY IS ALLOCATED TO THE SUPPORT OF EDUCATIONAL SERVICES IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN LARGE CITIES OF THE UNITED STATES. IMPLICIT IN THE RATIONALE ARE THE ASSUMPTIONS THAT RESOURCES AVAILABLE FOR THE SUPPORT OF PUBLIC EDUCATION ARE RARELY SUFFICIENT TO SATISFY ALL THE DEMANDS MADE UPON THEM, AND THAT DETERMINATIONS ABOUT THE LEVEL OF PUBLIC SCHOOL FINANCIAL SUPPORT ARE ALMOST ALWAYS MADE IN COMPETITIVE SITUATIONS. THE RATIONALE POSTULATES THREE MAJOR DETERMINANTS OF EDUCATIONAL EXPENDITURES IN THE PUBLIC SPHERE--(1) A SET OF SHARED EXPECTATIONS FOR EDUCATIONAL SERVICES, (2) THE AVAILABILITY OF WEALTH FROM WHICH FUNDS FOR SCHOOLS CAN BE ALLOCATED, AND (3) A POLITICAL SYSTEM THAT ALLOWS THE EXPRESSION OF DEMANDS AND ACCESS TO THE ABILITY. THE SAMPLE FOR THE STUDY COMPRISED 107 OF THE 119 LARGEST SCHOOL DISTRICTS IN THE U.S. IN 1960. THE DISTRIBUTION IN ADA RANGED FROM APPROXIMATELY 20,000 TO 1,000,000 STUDENTS. THE 107 DISTRICTS WERE LOCATED IN 36 STATES. THE LARGEST NUMBER OF DISTRICTS IN ANY ONE STATE WAS 11. IN CALIFORNIA (HEMMED IN BY A GROWING BODY OF STATE REGULATIONS, STATE-MANDATED SERVICES, LEVY LIMITATIONS, SALARY SCHEDULES, AND OTHER STAFF BENEFITS), THE TYPICAL BOARD OF EDUCATION MAY BECOME PARTIALLY IMMOBILIZED, AND THUS ATTEMPT ONLY RELATIVELY MINOR ADJUSTMENTS IN THE SCHOOL BUDGET. THE PROGNOSIS WILL REMAIN PESSIMISTIC UNTIL SOCIAL POLICY FOR EDUCATION IN CITIES IS DETERMINED ON GROUNDS OTHER THAN THE AVAILABILITY OF RESOURCES UNDER TAX STRUCTURE DESIGNED DECADES AGO. (JL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. School of Education.
Identifiers: California (Stanford)