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ERIC Number: ED010017
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 112
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INCREASING TASK-ORIENTED BEHAVIOR--AN EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF TRAINING TEACHERS IN REINFORCEMENT TECHNIQUES.
GOODWIN, DWIGHT L.; KRUMBOLTZ, JOHN D.
THIS STUDY TESTED METHODS OF INCREASING TASK-ORIENTED BEHAVIOR OF INATTENTIVE SECOND-GRADE PUPILS TO HELP DEVELOP EFFECTIVE WORK HABITS AND ATTITUDES AT AN EARLY AGE. THE ASSUMPTION WAS MADE THAT THE INATTENTIVE BEHAVIOR OF PUPILS WAS MAINTAINED, IN PART, BY THE REINFORCEMENT UNINTENTIONALLY PROVIDED BY FREQUENT TEACHER REMINDERS FOR THE CHILD TO GET BACK TO WORK. IN ADDITION, THE TEACHER MIGHT NOT BE GIVING SUFFICIENT RECOGNITION AT TIMES WHEN THE PUPIL WAS ATTENDING TO HIS WORK. THE EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE REVERSED THESE CONTINGENCIES, URGING THE TEACHER TO WITHHOLD ATTENTION FROM PUPILS BEHAVING INATTENTIVELY AND REWARDING ATTENTIVE BEHAVIOR AS SOON AS IT OCCURRED. WHILE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP TEACHERS DID USE REINFORCEMENT METHODS, THEIR APPLICATION WAS LESS THAN DESIRED. THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP SUBJECTS DID NOT SHOW A SIGNIFICANTLY GREATER FREQUENCY OF TASK-ORIENTED BEHAVIOR. THE RESULTS SUGGEST THAT THE TRAINING OF TEACHERS WAS CRUCIAL TO THE OUTCOME OF THE STUDY, AND ALSO RAISE QUESTIONS ABOUT THE EFFICACY OF COGNITIVE METHODS IN CHANGING TEACHER'S BEHAVIOR. FUTURE RESEARCH SHOULD FIRST INSURE A THOROUGH APPLICATION OF THE TECHNIQUES BEFORE PUPIL BEHAVIOR IS ASSESSED. (GD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. School of Education.
Identifiers: California (Stanford)