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ERIC Number: ED010012
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DEVELOPMENT OF MARKETABLE TYPING SKILL--SENSORY PROCESSES UNDERLYING ACQUISITION.
WEST, LEONARD J.
THE PROJECT ATTEMPTED TO PROVIDE FURTHER DATA ON THE DOMINANT HYPOTHESIS ABOUT THE SENSORY MECHANISMS UNDERLYING SKILL ACQUISITION IN TYPEWRITING. IN SO DOING, IT PROPOSED TO FURNISH A BASIS FOR IMPORTANT CORRECTIVES TO SUCH CONVENTIONAL INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURES AS TOUCH TYPING. SPECIFICALLY, THE HYPOTHESIS HAS BEEN THAT KINESTHESIS IS NOT AVAILABLE FOR USE AT THE START OF LEARNING SUCH A PERCEPTUAL-MOTOR SKILL AS TYPING, BUT THAT IS OCCURS AFTER SOME LEARNING ON THE BASIS OF VISUAL CUES HAS TAKEN PLACE. THIS INFERENCE IS CONFIRMED BY THE RESULTS OF THIS INVESTIGATION IN WHICH 266 SUBJECTS AT 9 WPM TO 108 WPM TYPING SKILL LEVELS, TYPED UNDER VISUAL AND NONVISUAL CONDITIONS. DEPRIVATION OF VISION RESULTED IN SIGNIFICANT AND LARGE INCREASES IN NUMBER OF ERRORS. THE RESULTS UNDERCUT CONVENTIONAL INSTRUCTIONAL INSISTENCE ON TOUCH TYPING AND SUGGEST THE DESIRABILITY OF FREE USE OF VISION EARLY IN LEARNING--(1) AS GUIDANCE FOR MAKING RESPONSES, (2) AS A SOURCE OF CORRECTIVE INFORMATION FOR WRONG RESPONSES AND OF IMMEDIATE REINFORCEMENT FOR CORRECT RESPONSES, AND (3) AS A REDUCER OF THE ANXIETIES AND TENSIONS THAT REPORTEDLY COMMONLY ACCOMPANY EARLY INSISTENCE ON NONVISUAL WORK. THE EXTENT TO WHICH THESE FINDINGS MAY BE PARALLELED FOR OTHER PERCEPTUAL-MOTOR SKILLS REMAINS TO BE INVESTIGATED. (GD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, NY. Div. of Teacher Education.
Identifiers: New York (New York)