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ERIC Number: ED010010
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF NURSERY SCHOOL EXPERIENCE ON THE LATER SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT OF CULTURALLY DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN.
CHOROST, SHERWOOD B.; GOLDSTEIN, KENNETH M.
THE MAJOR OBJECTIVE WAS TO DETERMINE WHETHER CULTURALLY DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN IN AN URBAN AREA WITH PRESCHOOL EXPERIENCE ARE BETTER ADJUSTED IN THE PRIMARY GRADES THAN ARE SIMILAR CHILDREN WITHOUT SUCH EXPERIENCE. A SECONDARY OBJECTIVE WAS TO DETERMINE WHETHER THERE ARE DIFFERENCES IN ADJUSTMENT BETWEEN THOSE HAVING NURSERY SCHOOL AS OPPOSED TO KINDERGARTEN EXPERIENCE. THE SAMPLE CONSISTED OF 42 FIRST-GRADE, 43 SECOND-GRADE, AND 32 THIRD-GRADE PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS LIVING IN A LOW SOCIOECONOMIC GEOGRAPHIC AREA OF STATEN ISLAND, NEW YORK. THREE TYPES OF PRESCHOOL EXPERIENCE WERE STUDIED--(1) NURSERY SCHOOL, (2) KINDERGARTEN (WITH NO PRIOR NURSERY SCHOOL EXPERIENCE), AND (3) NO KINDERGARTEN AND NO NURSERY SCHOOL. ANALYSIS OF SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT WAS MADE THROUGH USE OF SCHOLASTIC RECORDS, GUIDANCE COUNSELOR REPORTS, ABSENCE, TARDINESS AND TRUANCY REPORTS, RESULTS OF GROUP ACHIEVEMENT (CALIFORNIA ACHIEVEMENT TESTS) AND GROUP INTELLIGENCE (CALIFORNIA TEST OF MENTAL MATURITY) TESTS, TEACHER RATINGS OF PERSONAL-SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT (CASSEL BEHAVIOR RATING SCALE) AND PEER RATINGS OF SOCIAL ACCEPTABILITY (HEREFORD"S SOCIOMETRIC RATING TECHNIQUE). THE MAJOR FINDINGS OF THE STUDY WERE THAT LOW SOCIOECONOMIC LEVEL CHILDREN WITH FORMAL PRESCHOOL EXPERIENCE (EITHER NURSERY SCHOOL OR KINDERGARTEN) ARE BETTER ADJUSTED AT THE PRIMARY (1-3) GRADE LEVEL THAN CHILDREN WITHOUT PRESCHOOLING. IT APPEARS THAT CHILDREN WITH NO PRESCHOOLING ARE ESPECIALLY POOR PERFORMERS IN READING AND ARITHMETIC ACHIEVEMENT. THERE WERE NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES IN SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT BETWEEN NURSERY SCHOOL AND KINDERGARTEN-TRAINED CHILDREN. (GC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Brooklyn. Downstate Medical Center.
Identifiers: New York (Brooklyn); New York (Staten Island)