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ERIC Number: ED003848
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 189
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOME EFFECTS OF DOGMATISM IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS AND TEACHERS.
BENTZEN, MARY M.
THE HYPOTHESIS THAT RATINGS ON CONGENIALITY AS A COWORKER GIVEN TO TEACHERS WILL BE IN PART A FUNCTION OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL STATUS OF THE RATER WAS TESTED. A SECONDARY PROBLEM WAS TO TEST THE HYPOTHESIS THAT DOGMATIC SUBJECTS MORE THAN NONDOGMATIC SUBJECTS WOULD EXHIBIT COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR WHICH INDICATED (1) GREATER DISTINCTION BETWEEN POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE AUTHORITIES, AS THESE ARE DEFINED BY ROKEACH AND (2) RELIANCE UPON ABSOLUTE AUTHORITY. THE SUBJECTS WERE 714 TEACHERS AND 44 PRINCIPALS IN 44 ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS. SUBJECTS COMPLETED A DOGMATISM SCALE DESIGNED TO MEASURE DECISION-MAKING POWER OF TEACHERS, A SOCIOMETRIC RANKING OF COWORKERS, AND A SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL IN WHICH 15 POTENTIAL AUTHORITIES IN THE SCHOOL SYSTEM WERE DESCRIBED ON 15 ADJECTIVE SCALES. ALSO, IMPRESSIONISTIC ACCOUNTS OF THE SCHOOL STAFF IN 26 SCHOOLS WERE WRITTEN BY THE INVESTIGATOR. FINDINGS FOR THE FIRST MAJOR PREDICTION SHOWED A WIDE RANGE OF NEGATIVE, ZERO, AND POSITIVE CORRELATIONS BETWEEN TEACHER DOGMATISM SCORES AND RATINGS RECEIVED FROM PRINCIPALS. FINDINGS FOR THE PREDICTIONS REGARDING DESCRIPTIONS OF AUTHORITIES ON THE SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL ESSENTIALLY SHOWED NO DIFFERENCES RELATED TO DOGMATISM SCORES. FINDINGS FOR THE SECOND MAJOR PREDICTION ALSO REVEALED A WIDE RANGE OF CORRELATIONS BETWEEN TEACHER DOGMATISM SCORES AND RATINGS RECEIVED FROM PEERS. THESE RESULTS COULD NOT BE SATISFACTORILY RELATED TO THE "HAPPY" VERSUS "TROUBLED" SCHOOL INTERPRETATION. (RS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles.
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Los Angeles)