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ERIC Number: ED003828
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 59
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
VERBAL SKILLS OF SUPERIOR STUDENTS.
ROTHNEY, JOHN W.M.; SANBORN, MARSHALL P.
THE VALUE OF A NEW PROCEDURE FOR ASSESSING VERBAL PERFORMANCES OF SUPERIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WAS STUDIED. THE INSTRUMENT CONSISTED OF TWO PARTS. IN PART A, THE STUDENT WAS GIVEN AN ANALOGY AND ASKED TO IDENTIFY THE MOST LOGICAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE TWO ELEMENTS IN IT. HE WAS THEN ASKED TO WRITE A DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATIONSHIP IDENTIFIED. PART B REQUIRED THE STUDENT TO CONSTRUCT AN ANALOGY STATEMENT COMPARABLE TO THE ONE GIVEN. PART A WAS DESIGNED TO STUDY THE STUDENT'S REASONING BEHIND THE ANALOGY HE PRODUCED IN PART B. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT ITEMS OF THIS NATURE MIGHT HELP DIFFERENTIATE STUDENTS CAPABLE OF ORIGINAL PERFORMANCE FROM THOSE WHO BECOME SKILLED IN RECOGNITION AND RECALL TASKS. EXPERIMENTAL ANALOGIES ITEMS WERE ADMINISTERED TO 143 10TH-GRADE AND 130 12TH-GRADE STUDENTS (MALES AND FEMALES). MEAN SCORES OF BOTH SOPHOMORES AND SENIORS WERE ALMOST TWICE AS HIGH ON ANALOGY RECOGNITION AS ON PRODUCTION. MEAN SCORES FOR BOYS AND GIRLS AT BOTH GRADE LEVELS SHOWED NEGLIGIBLE DIFFERENCES. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT SCORES ON BOTH PARTS OF THE TEST WERE ASSOCIATED WITH GRADE IN SCHOOL WHICH IN TURN IS ASSOCIATED WITH AGE AND EXPERIENCE. HOWEVER, RESULTS IN PRODUCTION INDICATED LITTLE IMPROVEMENT FROM THE 10TH TO THE 12TH GRADES. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison.
Identifiers: MADISON; WISCONSIN