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ERIC Number: ED003821
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 88
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
IMPROVING READING SKILLS BY TEACHING RULES OF GRAMMAR.
BLUMENFELD, J.P.; AND OTHERS
THIS PILOT STUDY ATTEMPTED (1) TO DETERMINE THOSE GRAMMATICAL CONSTRAINTS IN ENGLISH WHICH SEEM MOST SIGNIFICANTLY RELATED TO READING SKILL AND (2) TO DISCOVER WHETHER TRAINING IN THOSE GRAMMATICAL CONSTRAINTS COULD IMPROVE READING SKILL. USING CLOZE TESTS, WHICH ARE PASSAGES WITH WORDS DELETED IN SOME SYSTEMATIC FASHION, STUDENTS WERE ASKED TO REPLACE THE DELETED WORDS. THE REPLACED WORDS MUST BE PREDICTED FROM THE CONSTRAINTS EXERTED BY THE REMAINING WORDS. THE TEST RESULTS PROVIDED A MEASURE TO INDICATE WHICH GRAMMATIC CONSTRUCTIONS OR CONSTRAINTS GIVE STUDENTS THE MOST TROUBLE. ATTEMPTS TO IMPROVE READING SKILL BY TEACHING THESE CONSTRAINTS RESULTED IN ONE SUCCESSFUL AND ONE UNSUCCESSFUL EXPERIMENT. THE BULK OF THIS REPORT IS A COLLECTION OF ARTICLES RELATED TO USE OF CLOZE TESTS TO ANALYZE WORD CLASSES AND MEASURE EFFICIENCY OF WRITTEN MATERIALS IN CONVEYING NEW INFORMATION. IT WAS GENERALLY CONCLUDED THAT A KNOWLEDGE OF GRAMMATICAL CONSTRAINTS IN ENGLISH FACILITATES THE COMPREHENSION OF DIFFICULT PROSE. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sul Ross State Coll., Alpine, TX.
Identifiers: TEXAS; Texas (Alpine)