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ERIC Number: ED003660
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-May
Pages: 81
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
STUDIES OF BYPASSING AS A WAY OF ADAPTING SELF-INSTRUCTION PROGRAMS TO INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. FINAL REPORT.
BRIGGS, LESLIE J.; CAMPBELL, VINCENT N.
POTENTIAL ECONOMIC FORMS OF ADAPTIVE, SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS WHICH WOULD BE OF PRACTICAL USE IN ADJUSTING TO INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES WERE INVESTIGATED. "PARALLEL" PROGRAMS (ONE STUDENT LEARNING BEST BY ONE PROGRAM AND A SECOND STUDENT BENEFITING MOST FROM ANOTHER) WERE FIRST EXPLORED AS A WAY TO ADJUST TO INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. THIS APPROACH WAS FOUND TO BE INADEQUATE, POSSIBLY BECAUSE OF THE CHOICE OF INAPPROPRIATE KINDS OF DIFFERENCES AMONG PROGRAMS EXPECTED TO INTERACT WITH INDIVIDUAL STYLES OF LEARNING ACTIVITY. THE SECOND APPROACH TURNED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SERIES OF 10 EXPERIMENTS IN THE BYPASSING FORM OF BRANCHING PROGRAMS. ABOUT 2,000 PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS SERVED AS SUBJECTS. MANY WERE OBSERVED SINGLY IN LABORATORY EFFORTS TO FIND CLUES FOR IMPROVING THE BYPASS TECHNIQUE BY BOTH EXPERIMENTAL AND OBSERVATION METHODS. THESE EXPERIMENTS DID NOT ACHIEVE THE GOAL OF DEVELOPING A SIMPLE AND EFFECTIVE FORM OF ADAPTIVE PROGRAM FOR THE KINDS OF MATERIAL EMPLOYED. THE RESEARCH DID RESULT, HOWEVER, IN DEVELOPMENT OF AN EMPIRICAL METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE DEGREE TO WHICH GIVEN MATERIAL HAS THE CHARACTERISTICS FOR WHICH BYPASSING PROGRAMS SHOULD BE MOST EFFECTIVE. IN ADDITION, PROGRAMS AND GRADE NORMS FOR A WIDE RANGE OF AGE GROUPS WERE ESTABLISHED. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (San Mateo)