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ERIC Number: ED003607
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 161
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INTERPOLATED INFORMATION AND STUDENT RESPONSE FEEDBACK DURING "BREAKS" IN TELEVISED AND RELATED MODES OF INSTRUCTION.
GAMES, PAUL A.; AND OTHERS
THIS STUDY ATTEMPTED TO EXAMINE THE POSSIBILITY OF INCORPORATING CERTAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION INTO LECTURES PRESENTED THROUGH TELEVISION OR RELATED MODES OF INSTRUCTION. SUBJECT AREAS PROGRAMED WERE SPEECH AND STATISTICS. THE FIRST STUDIES WERE DIRECTED TOWARD THE ROLE OF "BREAKS" IN PRESENTATIONS THAT PERMITTED STUDENT RESPONSES TO MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS. LATER STUDIES WERE CONCERNED WITH THE ROLE OF BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES AS INTERPOLATED MATERIAL DURING "BREAKS." THE FIRST EXPERIMENTS CONTRASTED TELEVISION PRESENTATIONS IN WHICH INTERPOLATED MATERIAL CONSISTED OF EITHER (1) STEM AND ANSWER OF A "TYPICAL QUESTION," OR (2) A MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTION. NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES WERE FOUND. LATER EXPERIMENTS CONCENTRATED ON VARIATIONS IN THE CONDITIONS OF PRESENTATION OF THE BEHAVIORAL OBJECTIVES DURING "BREAKS." THE USE OF PRINTED SHEETS OF THE OBJECTIVES PRODUCED HIGHER MEANS THAN WHEN THE OBJECTIVES WERE ABSENT. OTHER EXPERIMENTS OFFERED NO CLEAR EVIDENCE OF THE SUPERIORITY OF "BREAKS WITH VISUAL OBJECTIVES" OVER "DEAD AIR BREAKS." HOWEVER, THESE TWO CONDITIONS WERE SUPERIOR TO CONTINUOUS PRESENTATIONS ON "OPEN-END" TESTS. SUGGESTIONS ARE MADE FOR POSSIBLE EXPERIMENTS TO CLARIFY THE DISCREPANCIES ASSOCIATED WITH A NUMBER OF THE FINDINGS. (JC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio Univ., Athens.
Identifiers: ATHENS; OHIO