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ERIC Number: ED003604
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-May
Pages: 121
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN INVESTIGATION OF THE IMPORTANCE OF THE PERSONAL RELATIONSHIP AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN TEACHING MACHINE PROCEDURES.
EWING, THOMAS N.; GILBERT, WILLIAM M.
A "SELF-COUNSELING MANUAL" WAS DEVELOPED TO REPLACE THE STANDARD PERSONAL PRECOLLEGE COUNSELING INTERVIEW. A BRANCHING PROGRAMED TEXT PRESENTED THE FOLLOWING TOPICS TO HIGH SCHOOL SENIORS WHO HAD TAKEN A BATTERY OF ADMISSIONS, GUIDANCE, AND PLACEMENT TESTS--(1) YOUR TEST RESULTS AND SCHOLASTIC ACHIEVEMENT, (2) AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY, (3) SUMMARY OF INTERPRETATION OF YOUR TEST RESULTS, (4) STUDY HABITS AND READING, (5) INFORMATION ABOUT THE UNIVERSITY, (6) YOUR PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS AND SUCCESS, AND (7) AREAS OF INTEREST. A TOTAL OF 391 MALES WERE DIVIDED INTO GROUPS WHICH RECEIVED NORMAL COUNSELING, PROGRAMED COUNSELING, OR SIMULATED PROGRAMED COUNSELING. PARTICIPANTS COMPLETED A PRECOUNSELING QUESTIONNAIRE, A POST-COUNSELING QUESTIONNAIRE, A SIMILAR QUESTIONNAIRE AT THE END OF THEIR FIRST SEMESTER, AND A POST-COUNSELING INTERVIEW WHEN IT WAS REQUESTED AFTER PROGRAMED COUNSELING. FINDINGS INDICATED THAT COUNSELING CARRIED OUT BY A PROGRAMED BOOK WAS AS EFFECTIVE AS OR MORE EFFECTIVE IN CHANGING SELF-CONCEPTS THAN NORMAL COUNSELING. IT WAS IMPLIED THAT A PROGRAMED COUNSELING BOOK SUCH AS THAT DEVELOPED IN THIS STUDY COULD DO MUCH TO ALLEVIATE THE CRITICAL SHORTAGE OF TRAINED COUNSELORS AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL. FUTURE RESEARCH WAS SUGGESTED ON AN INVESTIGATION OF PROGRAMED PSYCHOTHERAPY AS COMPARED WITH NORMAL PSYCHOTHERAPY. (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana.
Identifiers: ILLINOIS; Illinois (Urbana)