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ERIC Number: ED003603
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Jul
Pages: 94
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INFLUENCE OF THREE TEACHING MACHINE FACTORS--FEEDBACK TO PROGRAMER, PARTICIPATION BY LEARNER, AND FEEDBACK TO LEARNER ON THE PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION OF SCIENCE FILMS.
FLEMING, MALCOLM L.
THE PRODUCTION OF TWO EDUCATIONAL FILMS, ONE BY MEANS OF CONVENTIONAL PROCEDURES AND ONE BY MEANS OF PROGRAMING PROCEDURES CHARACTERISTIC OF SELF INSTRUCTION, AND THE TESTING OF THESE TWO FILMS IN USE-SITUATIONS WERE THE PURPOSES OF THE STUDY. FOUR HUNDRED SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENTS PARTICIPATED IN THE EXPERIMENT. THEY WERE DISTRIBUTED AMONG FIVE SCHOOLS. THE SAMPLE IN EACH SCHOOL WAS DIVIDED INTO LOW, MEDIUM AND HIGH INTELLIGENCE LEVELS. A FIVE FACTOR DESIGN WAS USED. STUDENTS WERE ASSIGNED RANDOMLY TO GROUPS AND THE GROUPS ASSIGNED RANDOMLY TO TREATMENTS. A POST-TEST AND A RETENTION TEST WERE USED. TWO GENERAL CONCLUSIONS WERE DRAWN FROM THE STUDY--(1) PROGRAMING PROCESSES FOR THE DESIGN OF A CLASSROOM FILM YIELDED A PRODUCT THAT WAS EDUCATIONALLY SUPERIOR TO THAT FROM CONVENTIONAL PROCESSES, PARTICULARLY WHEN THE FILM'S LENGTH AND RATE OF DEVELOPMENT WERE ALLOWED TO FIND THEIR OPTIMUM LEVEL BASED ON FEEDBACK FROM LEARNERS AND (2) SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESSES FOR THE USE OF EDUCATIONAL FILMS WERE SUPERIOR TO CONVENTIONAL PROCESSES, BUT IT WAS THE IMMEDIACY OF THE FEEDBACK TO LEARNERS AFTER THEIR ACTIVE PARTICIPATION THAT CONTRIBUTED MOST TO LEARNING. NO DIFFERENCE WAS OBSERVED WHETHER THE LEARNER'S PARTICIPATION WAS IMMEDIATE (DURING THE FILM) OR AFTERWARDS. (HB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. Div. of Educational Media.; Indiana Univ., Bloomington. School of Education.
Identifiers: INDIANA