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ERIC Number: ED003602
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Sep
Pages: 70
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION IN LANGUAGE FOR CHILDREN WITH AUDITORY DISORDERS.
BIRCH, JACK W.; STUCKLESS, E. ROSS
THE FEASIBILITY OF PROGRAMING WRITTEN LANGUAGE FOR THE INSTRUCTION OF DEAF CHILDREN WAS STUDIED. A PROGRAM WAS DEVELOPED AND PRESENTED TO A GROUP OF DEAF CHILDREN. A CONTROL GROUP WAS TAUGHT THE SAME LESSON CONTENT BY TEACHERS. DATA WERE PROCESSED BY A COMPUTER. THE TOTAL SCORE RELIABILITY OF THE LANGUAGE TESTS WAS DETERMINED BY THE APPLICATION OF RIELON'S FORMULA (1939) TO THE COMPOSITE SCORES. THE EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS WERE TESTED FOR HOMOGENEITY OF VARIANCE ON COMPOSITE SCORES AND ON EACH OF SIX LANGUAGE VARIABLES, AN F-RATIO BEING COMPUTED ON EACH. THE HYPOTHESIS OF A COMMON POPULATION MEAN WAS EXAMINED BY MEANS OF A T-TEST. ADDITIONAL STATISTICAL PROCEDURES WERE USED IN (1) DAILY RECORD SHEETS, (2) TESTS OF RETENTION, AND (3) ORIGINAL STUDENT RESPONSES. OBSERVATION MADE BY THE TEACHERS PROVIDED ANECDOTAL INFORMATION. WHILE THE INTERNAL CONSISTENCY OF TEACHER INSTRUCTION WAS HIGHER THAN THAT OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION, NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE WAS FOUND BETWEEN THE MEAN SCORES ON FIVE OF SIX LANGUAGE VARIABLES. THE CONTROL GROUP SCORED SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER ON ONE VARIABLE. THE PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION REQUIRED LESS THAN ONE-HALF THE TIME ASSIGNED TO TEACHER INSTRUCTION. WRITTEN RESPONSES WERE CORRECT ON OVER 90 PERCENT OF THE FRAMES. LESS THAN 5 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL RESPONSES SHOWED UNCORRECTED ERRORS. PARTICIPATING TEACHERS REACTED WELL TO THIS METHOD OF WRITTEN LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION. (HB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: PENNSYLVANIA; Pennsylvania (Pittsburgh)