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ERIC Number: ED003598
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Jul
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE USE OF MOTIVATIONAL FILMS TO FAVORABLY CHANGE THE ATTITUDES OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARD SCIENCE AND SCIENTISTS.
WICKLINE, LEE E.
A STUDY WAS MADE TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE ATTITUDES OF A SELECTED GROUP OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARD SCIENCE AND SCIENTISTS COULD BE FAVORABLY CHANGED BY VIEWING 10 "HORIZONS OF SCIENCE" FILMS. AN EXPERIMENTAL GROUP OF 122 STUDENTS AND A CONTROL GROUP OF 138 STUDENTS WERE ROUGHLY EQUIVALENT. BOTH GROUPS WERE PRETESTED WITH THE "ALLEN ATTITUDE SCALE" AND THE "FACTS ABOUT SCIENCE TEST." THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP SAW ONE FILM PER WEEK FOR 10 WEEKS. EACH GROUP WAS AGAIN TESTED WITH THE SAME TWO TESTS. PRETEST AND POST-TEST DIFFERENCES WERE EXPECTED TO INDICATE THE EFFECTS OF FAMILIARITY WITH THE TESTS AND OF EXPERIENCES RELATED TO THE PASSAGE OF TIME. NO STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES WERE OBTAINED FOR EITHER GROUP ON THE "ALLEN ATTITUDE SCALE," YET, CHANGES ON SPECIFIC TEST ITEMS INDICATED ATTITUDES OF STUDENTS IN EACH GROUP WERE CHANGING. NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES WERE DISCOVERED FOR THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP ON THE "FACTS ABOUT SCIENCE TEST," WHICH MEASURES UNDERSTANDING OF SCIENCE AS A SOCIAL INSTITUTION. OTHER MEASURES ALSO INDICATED THAT THE FILMS PRODUCED NO APPRECIABLE CHANGES IN THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP'S RESPONSE. UNFAVORABLE CHANGES WERE INDICATED FOR THE CONTROL GROUP ON THE "FACTS ABOUT SCIENCE TEST." FURTHER RESEARCH WAS RECOMMENDED. (JC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: West Virginia State Dept. of Education, Charleston.
Identifiers: ALLEN ATTITUDE SCALE; FACTS ABOUT SCIENCE TEST; WEST VIRGINIA