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ERIC Number: ED003594
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1962-Jun
Pages: 91
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
IMPROVING THE PROGRAMING OF COMPLEX PICTORIAL MATERIALS--DISCRIMINATION LEARNING AS AFFECTED BY PRIOR EXPOSURE TO AND RELEVANCE OF COMPONENTS OF THE FIGURAL DISCRIMINANDA.
BLACK, HARVEY B.
THIS STUDY INVOLVED THE IDENTIFICATION OF (1) RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN REINFORCEMENT AND PHYSICAL COMPONENTS OF COMPLEX PICTORIAL STIMULI IN DISCRIMINATION LEARNING AND (2) VARIABLES RELATED TO PRIOR EXPERIENCE WITH PICTORIAL STIMULI USED IN DISCRIMINATION LEARNING. LINE SHAPES WERE USED AS STIMULI. THESE SHAPES WERE VARIED BY ADDING SOME LINES THAT ASSOCIATED WITH REINFORCEMENT AND OTHERS THAT DID NOT. PRIOR EXPERIENCE (PRETRAINING) IN THE STUDY WAS PROVIDED BY REPEATED EXPOSURE TO SHAPES THAT WERE EITHER THE SAME AS, SIMILAR TO, OR DIFFERENT FROM THOSE USED IN THE DISCRIMINATION TASKS. SUBJECTS WERE INSTRUCTED TO OBSERVE PRETRAINING SHAPES CAREFULLY BUT WERE NOT GIVEN INDICATIONS OF ANY SUBSEQUENT TASKS. THE PRINCIPLE OF ASSOCIATING REINFORCEMENT WITH DISCRIMINATION LEARNING TASKS TO FACILITATE LEARNING WAS CONFIRMED. NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES AS A RESULT OF THE VARIOUS PRETRAINING CONDITIONS COULD BE FOUND. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. School of Education.
Identifiers: INDIANA