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ERIC Number: ED003584
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Dec-1
Pages: 42
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN INVESTIGATION OF CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHING BY TELEVISION.
GARRY, RALPH; AND OTHERS
THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO TEST THE EFFECTS OF SPECIFIED CONDITIONS OF TELEVISION PRESENTATION AND OF CLASSROOM ACTIVITY UPON THE ACQUISITION OF MEANINGFUL CONCEPTS AND GENERALIZATIONS OF CERTAIN NATURAL SCIENCE PHENOMENA. THE SUBJECTS CONSISTED OF 36 FIFTH-GRADE CLASSES (APPROXIMATELY 1,000 CHILDREN) SELECTED FROM 90 CLASSES WHICH HAD PARTICIPATED IN A PREVIOUS STUDY OF THE TEACHING OF NATURAL SCIENCES BY TELEVISION. TWO TYPES OF TELEVISION PROGRAMS WERE PRODUCED--INFORMATION-GIVING AND PROBLEM-SOLVING. TEACHERS FOR THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS HAD BEEN TRAINED IN THE USES OF THESE APPROACHES. THE TEACHERS IN A CONTROL GROUP RECEIVED NO SPECIAL TRAINING. FOLLOWING A TELEVISION SERIES OF 20 PROGRAMS EMPLOYING THE INFORMATION-GIVING APPROACH AND A SERIES (IDENTICAL SUBJECT CONTENT) ORIENTED TOWARD PROBLEM-SOLVING. TESTS WERE ADMINISTERED TO GAUGE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ONE METHOD OVER THE OTHER. DIFFERENCES IN OUTCOMES OF THE EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUP WERE NOT SIGNIFICANTLY DIFFERENT. THE PROBLEM-SOLVING FORMAT RESULTED IN A HIGHER DEGREE OF INTERACTION BETWEEN THE TELEVISION INSTRUCTOR AND STUDENT. OTHER OBSERVATIONS IN FAVOR OF THE PROBLEM-SOLVING PROCEDURE ARE DISCUSSED. (JC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Boston Univ., MA.
Identifiers: MASSACHUSETTS; Massachusetts (Boston)