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ERIC Number: ED003574
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961-Feb-15
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE FILMSTRIP, SOUND FILMSTRIP, AND FILMOGRAPH FOR TEACHING FACTS AND CONCEPTS.
FINN, JAMES D.; MCBEATH, RONALD J.
THIS STUDY COMPARED THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS IN FACTUAL LEARNING OF (1) A CAPTIONED FILMSTRIP, (2) A CAPTIONED FILMSTRIP WITH NARRATION, (3) A SOUND FILMSTRIP, AND (4) A FILMOGRAPH. (THE FILMOGRAPH WAS MADE BY PHOTOGRAPHING STILL PICTURES ON MOTION PICTURE FILM.) THE STUDY TESTED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THE FILMOGRAPHY COULD TEACH MORE EFFECTIVELY. FOUR MATCHED GROUPS OF ABOUT THE SAME SIZE WERE FORMED FROM A POPULATION OF 558 SIXTH-GRADE STUDENTS. AFTER THE MATERIALS HAD BEEN PRODUCED AND TESTS MADE, A PILOT STUDY WAS CONDUCTED SO THAT ANY NECESSARY REFINEMENTS ON THE TESTS AND PROCEDURES COULD BE MADE. THE EXPERIMENT WAS ADMINISTERED SO THAT THE STUDENTS IN EACH CLASS HAD A PRETEST, SAW THE PRESENTATION, AND THEN HAD A POST-TEST, ALL WITHIN AN HOUR. A RETENTION-TEST WAS ADMINISTERED AFTER A 3-WEEK PERIOD. IT WAS FOUND THAT NO ONE METHOD WAS SIGNIFICANTLY SUPERIOR. OTHER FINDINGS WERE--(1) BOYS DID SIGNIFICANTLY BETTER THAN GIRLS ON THE MEAN GAIN BETWEEN PRETEST AND POST-TEST AS WELL AS ON THE RETENTION-TEST, AND (2) STUDENTS WITH HIGHER INTELLIGENCE DID SIGNIFICANTLY BETTER THAN THOSE WITH LOWER INTELLIGENCE. (JC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Los Angeles)