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ERIC Number: ED003559
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Jul-1
Pages: 81
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A STUDY TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT TO WHICH INSTRUCTION TO UNIVERSITY FRESHMEN IN THE USE OF THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY CAN BE TURNED OVER TO TEACHING MACHINES. FINAL REPORT.
WENDT, PAUL R.; AND OTHERS
A BRANCHING TEACHING-MACHINE PROGRAM WAS DEVELOPED TO TEACH FRESHMEN TO LOCATE MATERIALS WITHOUT THE HELP OF A LIBRARIAN. THE STUDENT WAS SEATED IN FRONT OF A CONSOLE IN A DARKENED, QUIET, AIR-CONDITIONED ROOM. USING A KEYBOARD, THE STUDENT WAS ABLE TO CALL UP ON A SCREEN ANY ONE OF 150 SLIDES. PICTORIAL AND PERFORMANCE FRAMES WERE DEVELOPED TO MAXIMIZE TRANSFER TO THE ACTUAL SITUATION ON THE LIBRARY FLOOR. AN EXPERIMENTAL GROUP OF 66 STUDENTS WAS ASSIGNED TO LEARN TO USE THE LIBRARY FROM THE TEACHING MACHINE ONLY. A CONTROL GROUP OF 53 STUDENTS WAS TO LEARN THE SAME CONTENT FROM A SERIES OF LIBRARY TOURS AND ILLUSTRATED LECTURES. A GROUP OF 74 STUDENTS RECEIVED NO INSTRUCTION IN THE USE OF THE LIBRARY. NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES IN THE GAINS IN ACHIEVEMENT SCORES BETWEEN THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP AND THE CONTROL GROUP WERE DEMONSTRATED. THIS REPORT DESCRIBES THREE OTHER STUDIES--(1) DEVELOPMENT OF A FILM TO MOTIVATE STUDENTS TOWARD AN INTEREST IN BOOKS AND OBJECTIVE MEASURE OF STUDENTS' INTEREST THROUGH INFRARED PHOTOGRAPHY OF STUDENTS DURING A VIEWING, (2) DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF AN AUDIO PRESENTATION TO REPLACE WRITTEN WORDS IN THE TEACHING MACHINE PROGRAM, AND (3) DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF A PROGRAMED COURSE TO TEACH GRADUATE STUDENTS HOW TO DO RESEARCH ON U. S. GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS. (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale.
Identifiers: ILLINOIS; Illinois (Carbondale)