NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED003556
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1958
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN EXPERIMENT TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MOTION PICTURES WITH SOUND IN THE TEACHING OF MATERIAL WHICH CANNOT BE DIRECTLY PORTRAYED IN VISUAL IMAGES.
HEATH, ROBERT W.; KETCHAM, CARL H.
FACTUAL LEARNING FROM THE SOUND TRACK OF FILMS WAS ASSESSED EXPERIMENTALLY USING SOUND TRACKS WITHOUT CORRESPONDING OR SOUND-TRACK-RELATED VISUAL IMAGES ON SCREEN. THE PURPOSE OF THE INVESTIGATION WAS TO CREATE A CONDITION WHICH IN PRACTICE MIGHT OFTEN BE IMPOSED ON ADVANCED COLLEGE-LEVEL TEACHING FILMS BY THE COMPLEX OR CONCEPTUAL NATURE OF THE MATERIAL BEING TAUGHT. IT WAS SUGGESTED THAT VISUAL IMAGES NEED IN NO WAY REFLECT SOUND-TRACT MATERIAL - THAT DATA WHICH IS TO BE LEARNED. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE METHOD WAS FIRST TESTED IN A PILOT PHASE, AND CERTAIN POSSIBLE CAUSES OF INCREASED LEARNING WERE RULED OUT. THIS WAS FOLLOWED BY THE MAIN PHASE, INVOLVING THE PRODUCTION AND TESTING OF A FULL-LENGTH TEACHING FILM ON THE LIFE AND WORKS OF WORDSWORTH. THE SUBJECTS OF THIS MAIN PHASE WERE COLLEGE-LEVEL UNDERGRADUATES. ALL WERE GIVEN THE VERBAL-APTITUDE SECTION OF THE COLLEGE QUALIFICATIONS TESTS AND PLACED IN SIX INSTRUCTIONAL GROUPS DESCRIBED AS FOLLOWS--(1) SOUND AND PICTURE, ONCE, (2) SOUND ONLY, ONCE, (3) SOUND AND PICTURE, THREE TIMES, (4) SOUND ONLY, THREE TIMES, (5) SOUND AND PICTURE, THREE TIMES, WITH NOTE-TAKING AND STUDY, AND (6) CONVENTIONAL CLASSROOM METHODS. AFTER INSTRUCTION, THE SAME MULTIPLE-CHOICE TEST WAS GIVEN TO ALL GROUPS, AND GROUPS 2 AND 3 WERE RETESTED AFTER A MONTH. THE TEST FILM COMPARED FAVORABLY, WHEN SHOWN REPEATEDLY AND WITHIN THE RANGE OF ITS MATERIAL, WITH CONVENTIONAL TEACHING METHODS. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Arizona Univ., Tucson.
Identifiers: ARIZONA; Arizona (Tucson)