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ERIC Number: ED003544
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 126
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A STUDY TO DETERMINE SPECIFIC SOURCES OF RESISTANCE TO THE USE OF AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS BY COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY TEACHERS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROCEDURES FOR OVERCOMING THE BARRIERS TO OPTIMUM USE.
BROWN, ROBERT M.; MCINTYRE, KENNETH
THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY WERE TO (1) DETERMINE THE EXTENT OF USE OF AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS BY THE FACULTY, (2) IDENTIFY SPECIFIC SOURCES OF RESISTANCE TO THE USE OF AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS, (3) STUDY AND ASSEMBLE INFORMATION ON AUDIOVISUAL FACILITIES AND PROCEDURES WHICH WOULD BE CONDUCIVE TO THE IMPROVEMENT OF COLLEGE TEACHING, AND (4) DEVELOP PROCEDURES FOR OVERCOMING BARRIERS TO OPTIMUM USE OF AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS. THE PROCEDURES FOLLOWED SIX STEPS--(1) SELECTING EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS FROM THE UNIVERSITY'S FULL-TIME TEACHING STAFFS, (2) SELECTING A PILOT FACULTY FROM A PRIVATE 4-YEAR LIBERAL ARTS COLLEGE, (3) SELECTING A FULL TIME FACULTY FROM A 4-YEAR STATE-SUPPORTED INSTITUTION AS THE CONTROL GROUP, (4) ADMINISTERING A FACULTY OPINION QUESTIONNAIRE AND AN INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS SURVEY WHICH INCLUDED A LIKERT-TYPE OF ATTITUDE SCALE, (5) CONDUCTING PILOT COURSES SELECTED FROM HISTORY, PHILOSOPHY, ENGLISH, PHYSICS, AND LAW, AND (6) TEACHING AN EXPERIMENTAL GRAPHIC COMMUNICATION COURSE IN DENTISTRY VIA CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION. CONCLUSIONS INDICATED THAT (1) THERE WAS A TENDENCY TO ASSOCIATE THE NEED FOR AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS WITH THE PROBLEMS OF LARGE CLASS INSTRUCTION, (2) THE WIDEST USE OF MATERIALS WAS AT THE UNDERGRADUATE LEVEL BY TEACHERS WITH THE HIGHEST RANK AND BROADEST TEACHING EXPERIENCE, (3) THE USE OF AUDIOVISUAL PROCEDURES PRODUCED A SIGNIFICANT POSITIVE CHANGE IN ATTITUDE IN THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP, (4) USE OF AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS COULD BE IMPROVED BY PROVIDING FOR PURCHASE OR RENTAL OF MATERIALS, (5) INTERNSHIPS FOR GRADUATE STUDENTS AND (6) SEMINARS WILL IMPROVE THE USE OF MEDIA. (HB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.
Identifiers: NORTH CAROLINA; North Carolina (Chapel Hill)