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ERIC Number: ED003513
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Mar
Pages: 243
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF PATTERNS FOR IMPROVING THE PREPARATION OF PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS IN THE USE OF AUDIOVISUAL MATERIALS AND OF EFFECTS ON PUPILS.
TORKELSON, G.M.
A TWO-PHASE STUDY WAS REPORTED ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF TEACHER PREPARATION BY USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS. THE FIRST PHASE INVOLVED FOUR PATTERNS OF INSTRUCTION--A SEPARATE COURSE, INTEGRATED COURSES, SELF STUDY, AND STUDENT TEACHING. PHASE TWO INCLUDED FOLLOWUP ACTIVITIES TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE TEACHER PREPARATION PROGRAM. A TOTAL OF 896 STUDENTS WERE INVOLVED IN THE EXPERIMENT. PHASE ONE DESIGN CALLED FOR RANDOM DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENTS AMONG THE FOUR PATTERNS OF INSTRUCTION. A NUMBER OF EQUATING AND EVALUATION INSTRUMENTS WERE ADMINISTERED. THE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS IN THIS PHASE CONSISTED OF THE COMPARISON OF THE VARIOUS GROUPS AND SUBGROUPS ON MEAN PERFORMANCES. THERE WERE NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES AMONG THE PATTERNS IN TERMS OF A GROSS COMPARISON ON ALL MEASURES. PHASE TWO RECORDED AND OBSERVED THE EFFECTS OF THE VARIOUS PATTERNS OF INSTRUCTION UPON THE PERFORMANCE OF THE PARTICIPANTS IN THE EXPERIMENT UPON BECOMING INSERVICE TEACHERS. THE PHASE II ACTIVITIES REPORTED INCLUDE A PROCEDURE FOR LOCATING STUDENTS AND ARRANGING INTERVIEWS, AND A DESCRIPTION OF INTERVIEW SCHEDULES AND ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES. THE RESULTS INDICATED THAT THE SELF-STUDY PATTERN PRODUCED THE MOST POSITIVE OPINION TOWARD THE AUDIOVISUAL COURSE. THE GENERAL CONCLUSIONS DRAWN FROM THE RESULTS OF THE TOTAL 4-YEAR EFFORT WERE THAT, IN ACQUIRING THE INFORMATION AND SKILLS ASSOCIATED WITH A BASIC AUDIOVISUAL COURSE, NO ONE PATTERN OF INSTRUCTION WAS BETTER THAN ANOTHER, AND THAT THE TEACHERS DID NOT TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE IN THE SCHOOLS. (RS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Coll. of Education.
Identifiers: PENNSYLVANIA