NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED003459
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Aug
Pages: 117
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DEVELOPMENT OF A FORCED-CHOICE TEST OF ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
MUKHERJEE, BISHWA N.
THE GOAL OF THIS STUDY WAS TO DEVELOP A FORCED-CHOICE QUESTIONNAIRE WHICH COULD RELIABLY AND EFFECTIVELY MEASURE THE ACHIEVEMENT NEEDS OF AMERICAN COLLEGE STUDENTS. THE NEED FOR ACHIEVEMENT IS DEFINED OPERATIONALLY AS BEHAVIOR WHICH SHOWS EFFORT TO DO ONE'S BEST, TO DO BETTER THAN OTHERS, OR IN GENERAL, TO ACCOMPLISH SOMETHING TO ONE'S OWN SATISFACTION. WHERRY'S METHOD OF PAIRING ITEMS WAS THE MAIN TECHNIQUE FOLLOWED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROPOSED TEST. THE TECHNIQUE REQUIRED THE SUBJECT TO CHOOSE BETWEEN TWO OR MORE DESCRIPTIVE TERMS OR PHRASES THAT--(1) APPEAR EQUALLY ACCEPTABLE BUT DIFFERED IN VALIDITY AND (2) APPEARED CLOSE TO EACH OTHER IN TERMS OF SOCIAL DESIRABILITY VALUE. THE INITIAL FORM OF THE SENTENCE COMPLETION TEST (SCT) CONTAINED 76 TRIADS. ITEM ANALYSIS OF TEST RESULTS FROM 370 COLLEGE STUDENTS PROVIDED THE BASIS FOR RETAINING 50 TRIADS AS THE FINAL EXPERIMENTAL EDITION OF THE SCT. A TOTAL OF 643 STUDENTS IN 5 SAMPLE GROUPS WERE GIVEN THE SCT. VARIOUS STATISTICAL ANALYSES WERE PERFORMED ON THE DATA. THE TEST WAS FOUND TO BE INTERNALLY CONSISTENT, RELIABLE, AND VALID FOR THE PREDICTION OF BEHAVIOR ASSOCIATED WITH ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION. NO ATTEMPT WAS MADE TO EVALUATE WHETHER THE MATCHING OF ITEMS ELIMINATED THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL DESIRABILITY. THOUGH FURTHER VALIDATION STUDIES ARE REQUIRED, FINDINGS OF THE STUDY SUGGESTED THE TEST COULD BE SAFELY USED FOR THE PURPOSE OF RESEARCH. (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington.
Identifiers: INDIANA; Sentence Completion Test