NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED003456
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Oct
Pages: 136
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TEACHING SCIENTIFIC THINKING AT THE HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL.
MCDONALD, FREDRICK J.; SHOCKLEY, WILLIAM
THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY WAS TO TEST (1) THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A WAY OF THINKING ABOUT PROBLEMS AND (2) THE EFFECTS OF INTRODUCING JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS TO THE LOGIC OF SCIENTIFIC THINKING. THE STUDY HAD TWO OBJECTIVES (1) TO TEACH THE PROCESS OF SEARCH FOR AN ANSWER AND (2) TO TEACH THE LOGICAL STRUCTURE OF IMPORTANT PRINCIPLES. TEACHING SESSIONS HAD TWO MAJOR PARTS (1) TEACHING A SET OF LOGICAL GAMES AND (2) CONDUCTING EXPERIMENTS TO DERIVE A SCIENTIFIC PRINCIPLE. THE STUDY WAS CONDUCTED IN TWO PARTS--(1) A 15-WEEK SESSION CONDUCTED BY 3 TEACHERS IN A TEAM TEACHING ARRANGEMENT AND (2) A SMALLER SUMMER SESSION CONDUCTED BY 1 TEACHER USING AN INNOVATION IN TEACHING METHOD. WHILE THE RESULTS MUST BE CONSIDERED SUGGESTIVE RATHER THAN CONCLUSIVE, SIGNIFICANT COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT WAS NOTED ON VARIOUS MEASURING DEVICES. THE LACK OF UNIFORM RESULTS WAS IN PART ASCRIBED TO DIFFICULTIES IN ESTABLISHING A TIGHT RESEARCH DESIGN. HOWEVER, THE STUDY HAS SHOWN THAT GIVEN APPROPRIATE CONDITIONS, REFINEMENT OF PROCEDURES, AND SENSITIVE TESTING DEVICES, A SIGNIFICANT DEMONSTRATION OF THE EFFECTS OF THE PROGRAM ALMOST CERTAINLY COULD BE ACHIEVED. (PM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. School of Education.
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Stanford)