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ERIC Number: ED003385
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 104
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TEACHER-PUPIL INTERACTION IN ELEMENTARY URBAN SCHOOLS.
MORRISON, VIRGINIA B.
AN ATTEMPT WAS MADE TO DESCRIBE THE VARIOUS ELEMENTS OF THE ELEMENTARY CLASSROOM ENVIRONMENT (GRADES K-6) WHICH AFFECT INTERACTIONS BETWEEN TEACHERS AND THEIR PUPILS. MEASUREMENTS OF INTERACTION OCCURRENCES WERE GATHERED WITH RESPECT TO (1) CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES, (2) TEACHING STYLES AND PUPIL RESPONSES, (3) SENSORY EMPHASES, AND (4) USES OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND THE EMOTIONAL CLIMATE OF THE CLASSROOM, USING VIDEO-TAPED OBSERVATIONS OF REGULAR CLASS SESSIONS. THE 96 CLASSROOMS USED FOR THESE OBSERVATIONS WERE SELECTED TO PROVIDE RELATIVELY EVEN DISTRIBUTION AMONG THE FOLLOWING VARIABLES--(1) MALE AND FEMALE TEACHERS, (2) CAUCASIAN AND NEGRO TEACHERS, (3) PREDOMINANTLY NEGRO AND CAUCASIAN PUPIL SAMPLES, (4) SUCH SCHOOL TYPES AS SUBURBAN, MIDCITY, AND INNER CITY, (5) SUCH CLASSROOM ORGANIZATIONAL PLANS AS SELF-CONTAINED, SUBJECT-MATTER, AND SPECIAL CLASSES, (6) REPRESENTATIVE SUBJECT-MATTER AREAS, AND (7) REPRESENTATIVE PUPIL SAMPLING IN ABILITY GROUPINGS, INCLUDING SOME CONSIDERATION FOR PHYSICAL AND EMOTIONAL HANDICAPS. FINDINGS INDICATED THAT THE VARIABLE OF CLASSROOM ORGANIZATION SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECTED TEACHER INTERACTIONS WITH PUPILS. RACIAL AND SEX DIFFERENCES, AS WELL AS SAMPLE GROUPINGS INTO SOCIOECONOMIC-GEOGRAPHICAL CLASSIFICATIONS, DID NOT APPEAR TO HAVE SIGNIFICANT INFLUENCE ON THESE INTERACTIONS. IT WAS SUGGESTED THAT IN FUTURE STUDIES IN THIS FIELD ATTENTION BE FOCUSED PRIMARILY ON ORGANIZATIONAL PLANS, IMPLEMENTATION OF "QUALITY TEACHING," AND TEACHER PREPARATION PROGRAMS. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI. Coll. of Education.
Identifiers: MICHIGAN; Michigan (Detroit)