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ERIC Number: ED003377
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 211
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CREATIVE THINKING IN ART STUDENTS--AN EXPLORATORY STUDY.
CSIKSZENTMIHALYI, MIHALY; GETZELS, JACOB W.
THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS STUDY WERE (1) TO TAKE BIBLIOGRAPHIC INVENTORY OF RESEARCH CONCEPTS AND METHODS IN CREATIVITY AND THE ARTS, (2) TO TEST A NUMBER OF THE CONCEPTS AND METHODS IN AN EXPLORATORY EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE THOUGHT PROCESSES AND PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF ART STUDENTS, AND (3) TO FORMULATE A NUMBER OF ISSUES, CONCEPTS, AND TECHNIQUES AT LEAST POTENTIALLY CAPABLE OF STIMULATING AND GUIDING FURTHER SYSTEMATIC INQUIRY. THE STUDY REPORT PRESENTED A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF 150 JOURNAL ARTICLES AND BOOKS WITH A CROSS-INDEX ORGANIZED IN 6 CATEGORIES. THE IMPLICATIONS OF THIS LITERATURE WERE DISCUSSED WITH RESPECT TO THE COGNITIVE AND PERCEPTUAL PROCESSES, THE EARLY EXPERIENCES, THE SOCIOCULTURAL ENVIRONMENT, AND THE MOTIVATIONS OF THE ARTIST. OF 321 SECOND- AND THIRD-YEAR STUDENTS AT A DEGREE-GRANTING ART SCHOOL, 266 TOOK THE FIRST BATTERY AND 179 COMPLETED ALL 3 BATTERIES OF 18 COGNITIVE, PERCEPTUAL, AND PERSONALITY INSTRUMENTS AS WELL AS A BIOGRAPHICAL DATA QUESTIONNAIRE. MAJOR FINDINGS FROM DATA ANALYSIS WERE PRESENTED FOR (1) COMPARISON OF ART STUDENTS WITH AVAILABLE NORMS FOR VALUES, PERSONALITY, COGNITION, AND PERCEPTION, (2) COMPARISON OF ART STUDENTS IN DIFFERENT FIELDS OF SPECIALIZATION, (3) RELATIONSHIPS AMONG VARIOUS CRITERIA OF CREATIVITY, AND (4) COMPARISON OF "HIGH" AND "LOW" ACHIEVING ART STUDENTS. AMONG THE VALUES DIFFERENTIATING ART STUDENTS FROM OTHER STUDENTS WERE (1) VERY HIGH AESTHETIC VALUES, BUT VERY LOW ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL VALUES AND (2) GREAT COMMITMENT TO A SINGLE DOMINANT VALUE. IMPLICATIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH INCLUDED THE SUGGESTION THAT IT MIGHT BE FRUITFUL TO VIEW CREATIVITY AS COMPOSED TO TWO INTERLOCKING PROCESSES--(1) A GENERAL PROCESS UNDERLYING ALL TYPES OF CREATIVE ENDEAVOR AND (2) A SPECIFIC PROCESS RELEVANT TO A PARTICULAR FIELD OF ENDEAVOR. (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL.
Identifiers: ILLINOIS; Illinois (Chicago)