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ERIC Number: ED003329
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 278
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
WORK LOAD OF UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS.
FRENCH, JOHN R. P., JR.; AND OTHERS
WORK PRESSURES AMONG UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS INVOLVING QUANTITATIVE OVERLOAD AND QUALITATIVE OVERLOAD WERE STUDIED. MORE SPECIFICALLY, THE STUDY INVESTIGATED (1) THE EFFECTS OF OVERLOAD AND WORKLOAD ON JOB SATISFACTION, TENSION, AND SELF-ESTEEM, (2) THE EFFECTS OF THESE STATES ON CERTAIN INDICATORS OF HEALTH, AND (3) HOW THESE EFFECTS VARY WITH PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS. APPROXIMATELY 120 PROFESSORS WERE INTERVIEWED IN REGARD TO THEIR WORKLOAD, SELF-CONCEPT, AND SELF-ESTEEM. EACH PROFESSOR WAS ADMINISTERED A PERSONALITY TEST FOR ACHIEVEMENT, MOTIVATION, FLEXIBILITY, AND EXTRAVERSION AS WELL AS A THOROUGH MEDICAL EXAMINATION. CONCLUSIONS INDICATED THAT PROFESSORS AT A MAJOR UNIVERSITY (1) BELONG TO A HIGHLY PRIVILEGED GROUP, (2) ARE ABOVE AVERAGE IN HEALTH, (3) ARE IN A POSITION WHERE CONCERNS ABOUT MONEY HAVE MOVED FROM CONCERNS ABOUT NECESSITIES TO CONCERNS ABOUT AMENITIES, (4) HAVE NO COMPLAINTS ABOUT SOCIAL STATUS, AND (5) COMBINE FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE IN THEIR WORK WITH A FAIR DEGREE OF SECURITY AND EXTRINSIC REWARD. WHILE THE PUBLISH OR PERISH ISSUE IS A REALITY, IT IS LESS A DILEMMA THAN OTHER SOURCES HAVE INDICATED. DISADVANTAGES FOR THE GROUP SEEM TO BE THAT THE PROFESSOR'S FAMILY PAYS TO A CERTAIN EXTENT FOR HIS DEDICATION, AND THAT A GROUP WHICH SEEMS EXEMPLARLY EQUIPPED TO MAKE USE OF LEISURE DOES NOT HAVE IT. ALSO, IT WAS FOUND THAT GREATER SPECIFICITY IS NEEDED FOR SUCH CONCEPTS AS STRESS OR PRESSURE. THE PROBLEMS OF ACADEMIC ADMINISTRATORS SHOULD BE SEPARATED AS A GROUP FROM PROFESSORS WHOSE MAIN CONCERNS ARE RESEARCH AND TEACHING. (HB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.
Identifiers: MICHIGAN; Michigan (Ann Arbor)