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ERIC Number: ED003325
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 144
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SELECTED LANGUAGE VARIABLES AND COMPREHENSION ABILITY AND DIFFICULTY.
BORMUTH, JOHN R.
A STUDY WHICH DEALT WITH ONE ASPECT OF THE QUESTION OF WHY ONE LANGUAGE IS EASY TO COMPREHEND WHILE ANOTHER IS NOT WAS REPORTED. SPECIFICALLY, IT STUDIED THE PROBLEM OF INCREASING THE PRECISION OF READABILITY PREDICTION. THE OBJECTIVES WERE (1) TO DETERMINE THE FORMS AND STRENGTHS OF THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN COMPREHENSION DIFFICULTY OF LANGUAGE AND MEASURABLE DIMENSIONS (LINGUISTIC VARIABLES) OF THAT LANGUAGE, (2) TO TRY OUT NEW LINGUISTIC VARIABLES USEFUL PREDICTORS OF COMPREHENSION DIFFICULTY, AND (3) TO FIND OUT IF USEFUL PREDICTIONS CAN BE MADE OF THE READABILITIES OF SMALLER LANGUAGE UNITS. CLOZE TESTS AND A STANDARDIZED TEST OF READING ACHIEVEMENT WERE APPLIED TO APPROXIMATELY 900 PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS IN GRADES 4 THROUGH 8. TESTING PRODUCED COMPARABLE DIFFICULTY VALUES FOR EACH WORD IN 20 PASSAGES. A CORRELATION ANALYSIS OF OVER 30 COMBINATIONS OF LINGUISTIC VARIABLES FOR EACH 300-WORD PASSAGE REVEALED THE COMPARATIVE VALIDITY OF VARIOUS READABILITY PREDICTION METHODS. (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles.
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Los Angeles)