NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED003323
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 49
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE REINFORCING EFFECTS OF TWO TYPES OF CONFIRMATION IN PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION.
SILVERMAN, ROBERT E.; SUMMERS, JAYLENE
A STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO COMPARE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO KINDS OF CONFIRMATION IN PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION--RESPONSE CONFIRMATION AND EXAMINATION FEEDBACK. EXPERIMENTAL CONDITIONS OF HIGH, MEDIUM, AND LOW STUDENT MOTIVATION AND HIGH AND LOW ERROR-RATE WERE UTILIZED. RESPONSE CONFIRMATION REFERS TO THE CONVENTIONAL METHOD OF CONFIRMING EACH ONE OF THE LEARNER'S RESPONSES IMMEDIATELY AFTER HE MAKES IT. EXAMINATION FEEDBACK REFERS TO THE METHOD OF GIVING THE LEARNER SELF-SCORING QUIZZES DURING THE PROGRAM AND CONFIRMING ONLY THE RESPONSES TO THEM. ALL OTHER RESPONSES ARE NOT CONFIRMED. THE STUDY WAS A 3X3X2 FACTORIAL DESIGN WITH HIGH, MEDIUM, AND LOW TASK MOTIVATION AS ONE DIMENSION, HIGH AND LOW ERROR RATE AS A SECOND DIMENSION, AND RESPONSE CONFIRMATION VERSUS EXAMINATION FEEDBACK AS A THIRD DIMENSION. THERE WERE 20 SUBJECTS ASSIGNED TO EACH OF THE 12 GROUPS ON THE BASIS OF RESPONSES TO A QUESTIONNAIRE ADMINISTERED PRIOR TO THE EXPERIMENT. THE PROGRAM WAS A 156-FRAME UNIT IN BINARY NUMBERS. THE LOW-ERROR, RESPONSE-CONFIRMATION FORM OF THE PROGRAM PROVIDED THE MOST EFFICIENT CONDITIONS FOR LEARNING. NEITHER LEARNER MOTIVATION NOR ERROR-EVOKING FRAMES AFFECTED RESPONSE CONFIRMATION AND EXAMINATION FEEDBACK. THE RESULTS SUGGESTED THAT BOTH GOOD AND POOR STUDENTS PREFERRED TO LEARN UNDER WELL STRUCTURED CONDITIONS IN WHICH FEEDBACK IS MAXIMAL AND ERROR MISINTERPRETATION MINIMIZED. (JC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY.
Identifiers: NEW YORK; New York (New York)