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ERIC Number: ED003307
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 147
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
OUT-OF-CLASS PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION COMPARED WITH CONVENTIONAL HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTS IN TEACHING EXPOSITORY WRITING IN FRESHMAN ENGLISH.
LANG, GERHARD; TOHTZ, JACK E.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROGRAMED PRESENTATION OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE WAS COMPARED TO CONVENTIONAL WORK ASSIGNMENTS. EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS CONSISTED OF 273 FRESHMAN STUDENTS WHO WERE RANDOMLY DISTRIBUTED IN 12 ENGLISH SECTIONS. THEY ATTENDED REGULAR CLASSES BUT RECEIVED DIFFERENT OUT-OF-CLASS TREATMENTS. ALL SUBJECTS WERE TESTED DURING THREE PERIODS OF THE STUDY--PRETESTING, POST-TESTING, AND RETENTION. SPECIALLY CONSTRUCTED TESTS AND QUESTIONNAIRES WERE ALSO INCLUDED. TREATMENT OF DATA COLLECTED WAS BY ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE AND COVARIANCE. THE MAJOR CONCLUSIONS INDICATED THAT THE PROGRAMED PRESENTATION WAS NOT BETTER THAN THE CONVENTIONAL ASSIGNMENTS, THAT EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS DID AS WELL AS THE CONTROL SUBJECTS, AND THAT EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS SPENT LESS TIME WITH THEIR WORK. FUTURE RESEARCH IS SUGGESTED TO DISCOVER THE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH TRANSFER OF CONTENT OCCURS AND TO IDENTIFY THE OPERATIONAL FACTORS THROUGH WHICH TRANSFER HAPPENS. PROGRAMS SHOULD BE DEVELOPED IN ALL ASPECTS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE FOR USE AT COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY LEVELS. (RS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ., Rutherford, NJ.
Identifiers: NEW JERSEY; New Jersey (Teaneck)