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ERIC Number: ED003296
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 197
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CHANGES IN CRITICAL THINKING ABILITY, ATTITUDES, AND VALUES ASSOCIATED WITH COLLEGE ATTENDANCE.
DRESSEL, PAUL L.; LEHMANN, IRVIN J.
AN INVESTIGATION WAS MADE OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE AMOUNT OF COLLEGE EDUCATION AND CHANGES IN ATTITUDES OF STEREOTYPE AND DOGMATISM, IN TRADITIONAL-VALUE ORIENTATION, AND IN CERTAIN SELECTED ATTITUDES AND VIEWS RELATED TO HIGHER EDUCATION. DURING THE FALL 1958 ORIENTATION WEEK, A BATTERY OF COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE TESTS WAS ADMINISTERED TO STUDENTS (2,973) ENTERING MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY. COMPLETE, USABLE DATA WERE OBTAINED FOR 2,746 STUDENTS, WHO WERE THE NUCLEUS FOR THE SAMPLE IN THE STUDY. THE TOTAL POPULATION WAS SUBDIVIDED INTO FOUR EDUCATIONAL GROUPS--(1) 0-3 TERMS OF COLLEGE, (2) 4-6 TERMS, (3) 7-10 TERMS, AND (4) MORE THAN 10 TERMS OF COLLEGE EDUCATION. THE FIRST THREE GROUPS WERE THE CONTROL GROUPS AND THE LATTER THE EXPERIMENTAL ONE. COMPLETE, USABLE DATA WERE OBTAINED FOR 1,134 EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS AND FOR 667 CONTROL SUBJECTS. THOSE STUDENTS WHO WERE STILL ENROLLED AT THE UNIVERSITY IN THE SPRING 1962 WERE READMINISTERED THE TEST BATTERY. THOSE SUBJECTS IN THE CONTROL GROUPS WERE RETESTED WITH THE SAME BATTERY GIVEN TO THE EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS. ANALYSIS OF COVARIANCE, REGRESSION EQUATIONS, AND CHI SQUARES WERE EMPLOYED. A TOTAL OF 32 MAJOR FINDINGS ARE REPORTED, AND 15 IMPLICATIONS DISCUSSED FOR HIGHER EDUCATION. IN NEARLY ALL INSTANCES THERE WAS A SIGNIFICANT IMPROVEMENT IN CRITICAL THINKING ABILITY, A LESSENING OF STEREOTYPIC BELIEFS, A MOVEMENT AWAY FROM AN AUTHORITARIAN ATTITUDE, AND A MOVEMENT TOWARDS THE TRADITIONAL-VALUE ORIENTATION. (JC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.
Identifiers: MICHIGAN; Michigan (East Lansing)