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ERIC Number: ED003270
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 102
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EFFECTS OF COGNITIVE SET AND THE VARIETY OF RELEVANT EXPERIENCE ON CONCEPT FORMATION IN CHILDREN.
CARTER, HAROLD D.; PODELL, HARRIETT A.
THIS EFFORT WAS AN INVESTIGATION OF THE PROCESSES WHICH OCCUR WHEN CHILDREN ARE SET TO FORM CONCEPTS AND, ALTERNATELY, THOSE WHICH OCCUR WHEN CHILDREN ARE EXPOSED TO MATERIAL AND NO DELIBERATE EFFORT IS MADE TOWARD CONCEPT FORMATION. THE EXPERIMENTAL PLAN WAS AN INDEPENDENT GROUP DESIGN IN WHICH THE MAJOR VARIABLES WERE INTENTIONALITY OF SET (INTENTIONAL OR UNINTENTIONAL) AND VARIETY OF INSTANCES (SMALL OR LARGE). EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED WITH SAMPLES OF KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN AND CHILDREN IN THE FOURTH AND FIFTH GRADES. A LARGE VARIETY OF INSTANCES WERE USUALLY FOUND TO BE MORE EFFECTIVE IN PROMOTING VERBAL CONCEPT ACQUISITION THAN A SMALL VARIETY. IN ADDITION, THE GENERAL CONCLUSION WAS THAT THE INTENTIONAL INSTRUCTIONAL SET WAS MORE USEFUL IN FOSTERING VERBAL ACQUISITION AND RECALL FOR CHILDREN IN BOTH AGE GROUPS THAN WAS THE INCIDENTAL SET. THERE WAS NO EVIDENCE OF RELIABLE INTERACTION BETWEEN VARIETY AND SET. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley.
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Berkeley)